Welcome to the September 22/23rd edition of SafetyNet.
There has been lots going on this week - numbers of new infections keep increasing in Victoria, the government making vaccines mandatory in more sectors, and even an earthquake on Wednesday morning which shook much of the state up!
Visit our We Are Union: OHS Reps Facebook page for news, memes and more. If you have any questions or need any advice, we can be reached via the Ask Renata facility on the website or through the closed OHS Network Facebook page. If you have comments or want to send through any ideas, email us at [email protected]
It is with much sadness that we report the deaths of two Victorian workers.
On September 13, a 67-year-old suffered a fatal head injury after falling through a stairwell void while working alone at a townhouse construction site in Sandringham. WorkSafe has just announced the fatality and is investigating the incident. WorkSafe has stated that this fatality brings the State's total to 39.
Also on September 13, an ASU member and long-term Serco Mill Park employee died in hospital of COVID-19. He became ill after his workplace was identified as a Tier 1 site
Read more: ASU media release
No worker should die at work; no worker should die as a result of work. Every death is preventable. The VTHC OHS Unit sends our sincerest condolences to the family, friends and work colleagues of the deceased workers.
New rights for HSRs in changes to the OHS Act
In amendments passed in Victoria's Parliament last week and granted Royal Assent on September 21, HSRs and ARREOs now have enhanced powers.
HSRs are now able to "take photographs or measurements or make sketches or recordings at any part of a workplace at which a member of the designated work group works, other than during an interview" (new section 58(1)(ab)). Similarly, ARREOs (union officials with entry permits) are now able to "take photographs or measurements or make sketches or recordings at the place" as long as they do not "intentionally use, disclose or provide to another person, for a purpose not reasonably connected with the exercise of a power under this Part, photographs or measurements taken or sketches or recordings made."
In addition to these changes, the amendments include:
- providing additional protections in relation to labour-hire workers - including extending the definitions of 'employer' and 'employee' to ensure labour-hire workers are considered employees of their hosts, and requiring labour providers and hosts to cooperate on their shared OHS responsibilities.
- amending various Acts (OHS, Dangerous Goods, and Equipment Public Safety) to prohibit insurance against safety fines
- various other technical amendments with regard to the serving of notices and ensuring that the forfeiture provisions work as intended.
“Labour hire workers perform vital work and deserve the same safety rights and protections as other workers,” said the Minister for Workplace Safety Ingrid Stitt. “This legislation will make important improvements to our existing OHS laws – closing gaps that were being exploited by unscrupulous employers and imposing fines for those who continue to do the wrong thing.”
The VTHC OHS Unit will amend the information on the OHS [email protected] website as soon as possible to reflect these changes. Read more: Ministerial media release; Occupational Health and Safety and Other Legislation Amendment Bill 2021
VTHC Health and Safety Reps' Conference - Thursday October 28
Announcing Health and Safety Month's biggest and best event - the VTHC's annual HSR Conference. This year the theme is: HSR Super Sleuths: Exercising Your Powers To Uncover Hidden Hazards And Risks. Unfortunately, due to the ongoing lockdown and the uncertainty of when we will be able to gather in large numbers again, the event will once again be an online event. Register online now!
Even though we won't be meeting in person, HSRs will learn a great deal and after hearing from a few very knowledgeable speakers, will be able to actively participate in smaller workshops and hone their skills. We will also be able to discuss using the new powers under the Act.
The conference has WorkSafe approval as a training course under s69 of the OHS Act, meaning that as long as HSRs give their employer at least 14 days' notice, the employer must release them on paid leave to participate. While the employer has no legal obligation to release deputies on paid leave, ask anyway - you are welcome to attend, and many employers are happy to do so.
When: Thursday October 28, 8.30am - 2.30pm
Open for all Victorian HSRs and Deputy HSRs
Register here, now! (and then let your employer know!)
Last week the state saw a very slight easing of restrictions: up to five fully vaccinated people from a maximum of two households can now meet outdoors. The time we can spend outdoors has increased to four hours, and the distance we can travel from home has increased to 10km.
However, the number of new infections in the state has continued to grow, with 628 reported on Wednesday September 22. The number of active cases: 6,223.
Of the active cases, 241 are in hospital, 60 in ICU - 39 on ventilators. Our vaccination rates: as of September 21, 44.66 per cent of us are fully vaccinated, and 73.51 per cent partially vaccinated (41.44 per cent and 67.62 per cent last week). There have now been 836 COVID-related deaths in Victoria - another eight in the past week.
There are many exposure sites listed - but DHHS has said that they cannot list them all. So while it is crucial to keep up with these, and comply with the directions (eg to isolate and get tested), everyone must ensure they sign in with the QR codes as they will receive text messages. Go to this Victorian government page to check the sites.
This week the Victorian Premier Daniel Andrews, announced what the state's 'roadmap' to come out of lockdown looks like. The first milestone will be when the vaccination rate in the state reaches 80 per cent first dose. There will be more opportunities for Victorians to catch up. The indicative date for schools to reopen is October 5th. Read more: Victoria's Roadmap
In other news, on Sunday the Chief Health Officer declared the City of Greater Geelong, the Surf Coast and Mitchell Shire would enter a seven-day lockdown commencing at 11:59pm on Sunday 19 September, with restrictions the same as those in the City of Ballarat and metropolitan Melbourne, excluding the curfew.
In news from around Australia:
NSW: Over the past week, the numbers have continued to be over 1000 daily, though the trend seems to be stablising. There were 1,035 new community infections in the state in the 24 hours before Wednesday morning, and sadly five more deaths. There have been a total of 260 deaths since the beginning of this outbreak - sixty two in the past week. There are 1,232 COVID-19 cases admitted to hospital, with 242 people in intensive care, 122 of whom require ventilation.
- ACT: On Wednesday 17 new cases were reported, and the territory is in lockdown until October 17.
As at September 22, Australia has had a total of 90,391 cases of coronavirus diagnosed (76,292 last week). There have been 1,186 COVID-19 related deaths.
Worldwide: as at September 22, there had been 230,313,402 infections (226,618,955 last week) and 4,722,750 COVID-related deaths. (Note these figures are updated constantly - check the Worldometer website for latest figures and trends). Read more information on Coronavirus
According to the ABC Vaccine tracker as of September 21, 47.73 per cent of Victorians have been fully vaccinated (72.76 per cent have received one dose). Supplies of the third vaccine approved, Moderna, should be in pharmacies soon.
Breaking news: The State government has announced that vaccinations will be mandatory for all staff at schools and early childhood centres - they must have a first dose, or a booking within one week, by October 18. Last week it was announced that workers in construction, freight, and health care needed to be vaccinated.
Developments in the construction industry
Last week the Victorian government announced that workers on construction sites had to have at least one dose by September 23, plus restrictions on sites which led to a demonstration of a few hundred people. This prompted the government to close down the industry for two weeks, which in turn has led to more demonstrations and violent behaviour. The anti-vax and anti-lockdown rallies have been condemned by both the construction union and the broader union movement. There is ample evidence that certain groups outside the union movement have been organising over the past few weeks, putting up fraudulent posters saying the union had called for demonstrations, and fake Twitter accounts and websites.
In an opinion piece in The Age on September 21, VTHC's Secretary Luke Hilakari, confirmed the union movement's support of vaccinations. In relation to the hesitancy felt by some, he said, "We absolutely understand that this is a complex issue and a lot of people have strong opinions.
"But we are not going to let a tiny minority of anti-vaccination members put the rest of the workforce at risk. Nor will we be intimidated by neo-Nazis in construction cosplay turning up at our offices, trying to force their extreme views on our movement and undo the heroic work of Victorians who have kept this virus at bay for almost two years." Read more: Luke Hilakari, VTHC Secretary Opinion piece in The Age: Unions support vaccination to keep workers safe; ACTU media release
Several months ago my employer engaged a consultant to write a report for my workplace. At a staff meeting two months ago we were told by our manager the report confirmed that everything at the workplace was fine. As the HSR, I asked for a copy, but was told it was only a draft, and that I would be given a copy when finalised. At the next staff meeting a month later I again asked for a copy but this time the manager said he couldn't provide it. I then contacted the OHS team who told me they were not able to provide the report but it had been reviewed by management and any of the hazards identified had been acted on. I have again requested a copy but I'm still waiting a reply. Am I within my rights to ask for a copy of this report and what would be the next step to take if I don't get it?
The continued failure of management/the employer to provide HSRs with access to information as required under the OHS Act astounds me!
- An employer, any of whose employees are members of a designated work group must
(a) allow a health and safety representative for the DWG to have access to information that the employer has relating to:
(i) actual or potential hazards arising from the conduct of the undertaking of the employer or the plant or substances used for the purposes of that undertaking; and
(ii) the health and safety of the member of the DWG...
The only excuse that I can think of for management NOT to provide it is that they may quibble that the information is on actual or potential hazards, or the health and safety of the DWG - but this is ridiculous as the response you got from the Health and Safety team clearly indicated that the report did in fact identify hazards, and that these are have been 'acted upon'.
It seems to me that they are concerned that the consultant's report points out shortcomings.
Remember too that under section 35 of the Act the employer has a legal duty to consult with HSRs when identifying and assessing hazards and risks, and also when making decisions about controls to be implemented AND when proposing any changes to just about anything!! So if they did go ahead and act on the identified hazards, without consulting with the HSR and affected workers, then there has been a breach of the Duty to consult.
If management still refuses to provide you with a copy, let them know that you believe they are in breach of several legal obligations under the OHS Act and then be prepared to issue PINs on the matters - breaches of both s35 and s69. (see Resolution of issues, How to use a PIN)
Please remember if you have any OHS related queries, then send them in via our Ask Renata facility on the website.
Megaphone feature on Industrial manslaughter
For those subscribers who would like to read about how we achieved the workplace manslaughter laws in Victoria, check out this article in the VTHC's Megaphone newsletter: Workplace Manslaughter and the Long Fight for Justice. It is well worth the read.
National: Asbestos Awareness Week
Every year in Australia, in the last week of November, activities are held to promote the awareness of asbestos - which is endemic in our built environment. This year the VTHC will be running a number of events, including a Live Show. Keep your eyes on SafetyNet over the next few editions to find out more.
International union news
UK: Union body warns of huge COVID class divide
The coronavirus crisis has been “a tale of two pandemics”, Britain's peak union council the TUC has said. It wants an urgent “economic reset” to tackle the huge class divide exposed by the pandemic. New research from the union body has revealed how low-income workers have borne the brunt of the pandemic with little or no option to work from home, no or low sick pay and reduced living standards, while better-off workers have enjoyed greater flexibility with work, financial stability and increased spending power.
The TUC polling, conducted by Britain Thinks, identified a stark pandemic class divide with the high-paid more financially comfortable than before, but the low-paid thrust into financial difficulty. The polling also showed:
- low-paid workers are four times more likely than high-paid workers to say they cannot afford to take time off work when sick (24 per cent compared to six per cent)
- Only a third (35 per cent) of low-paid workers say they get full pay when off sick compared to an overwhelming majority of high-paid workers (80 per cent).
The TUC has long been calling for an increase to statutory sick pay from a “derisory” £96.35 (AUD$180) per week, and from which more than two million low-paid workers – mostly women - are currently excluded because they do not earn enough to qualify. TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady said: “Without fundamental change, the government’s own levelling up agenda will be doomed to failure. And we risk repeating the same old mistakes of the past decade – allowing insecure work to spiral even further. Ministers must start by banning zero hours contracts, raising the minimum wage with immediate effect and increasing statutory sick pay to a real Living Wage, making it available to all.” Read more: TUC news release. The Guardian. More on the hazards of low pay. Source: Risks 1014
Firefighters mark 9/11 twentieth anniversary
UK firefighters and emergency fire control staff commemorated the twentieth anniversary of the 9/11 tragedy, with a minute’s silence at fire service workplaces across the country. UK firefighters’ union FBU said the disaster holds particular poignancy for firefighters and emergency fire control staff, as 343 out of the 412 emergency workers killed on the day were firefighters. Many more firefighters have since suffered and some died from diseases linked to toxic substances present at ground zero. Other health issues connected to the tragedy have also affected many firefighters.
Extending solidarity and sympathy to the families, friends and co-workers of the dead, FBU general secretary Matt Wrack said, “It’s also worth noting that 9/11 is continuing to kill firefighters today. Toxic contaminants present at ground zero have likely caused disease in thousands of firefighters, and killed hundreds. Authorities in every country need to be conscious of the constant threat of contaminants to firefighters. We mourn the firefighters who have passed away as a result of this aspect of 9/11, and extend our sympathies to those who are suffering today.” FBU said toxic contaminants causing disease in firefighters is an issue on both sides of the Atlantic. The union has just launched a DECON campaign, which aims to train firefighters in techniques which will mitigate the effect of these contaminants (Risks 1013). Read more: FBU news release. Source: Risks 1014
Workplace head injuries: reducing the risks of delayed recovery and return to work
Workplace concussions, including apparently mild head injuries, can involve drawn out recovery times for workers, according to US researchers, who recommend mental health screening to identify risk factors for complications.
The psychologists from Ascellus Health, which provides behavioural health treatment to injured workers, say managing workplace head injuries usually involves "brief, acute care" focused on screening out more serious damage and prescribing analgesics and rest.
But many injured workers experience persistent pain and problems with sleep, cognition and inner ear disorders, while recent studies have highlighted the role of emotional distress from concussion injuries in prolonging recovery, they say.
In a study published in the Journal of occupational and Environmental Medicine, they say a care model involving brief neurocognitive and psychological screening can help detect these risk factors for prolonged recovery, at an early stage. These were then referred to medical and mental health treatments and short work-focused cognitive behavioural therapy programs, where appropriate.
They found the process resolved complaints for the majority of the 157 participants, who were receiving workers' compensation for delayed recovery from traumatic mild head injury and "post-concussion syndrome".
The psychologists involved in the intervention reported many patients had positive experiences with the screening "because they felt that their concerns about residual cognitive difficulties had been addressed in a reasonable way", the researchers say. "The focus on work-related issues in the assessment and in therapy was clearly important, as was the establishment of a positive treatment alliance and provision of supportive, psychoeducational input with an emphasis on returning to normal daily activities including work," they add.
Read more: Daniel LeGoff, et al, Improving Outcomes for Work-Related Concussions: Mental Health Screening and Brief Therapy Model. [Full article can be downloaded as a pdf], Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, published online August 2021, doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000002350. Source OHS Alert
Government establishes new respiratory clinic
On 16 September 2021, Minister for Workplace Safety Ingrid Stitt announced the opening of Australia’s only dedicated public hospital occupational respiratory clinic, The Alfred Occupational Respiratory Clinic.
The Alfred Occupational Respiratory Clinic is a partnership between the Alfred Hospital and WorkSafe Victoria and offers a centralised, comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to diagnosis and management of occupational respiratory diseases, including silicosis.
The clinic builds on WorkSafe’s free silica health screening program which is part of the Victorian Government’s Silica Action Plan to prevent unsafe silica exposure. The plan also includes the development of permanent regulations to introduce a state-wide ban on the uncontrolled dry-cutting of engineered stone, a revised silica compliance code and developing Australia’s first licencing scheme. The Occupational Health and Safety Amendment (Crystalline Silica) Regulations 2021 are due to be made before the end of 2021.
More than 990 workers in Victoria's stonemason industry have completed an initial assessment with WorkSafe's free silica health screening program since it commenced in May 2019. Tragically, there have so far been 168 worker's compensation claims resulting from a positive diagnosis, and a process is in place to ensure affected workers and their families get the support they need. Read more: Victorian Government’s announcement and further information on health assessments. WorkSafe media release: Be Silica smart and get tested at new clinic
WorkSafe: Too many workers face this every day - It's never OK
WorkSafe Victoria has produced a new, M-rated, video which covers off some of the violent situations workers in various industries face each day. Work-related violence involves incidents in which a person is abused, threatened or assaulted in circumstances relating to their work. This definition covers a broad range of actions and behaviours that can create a risk to the health and safety of employees. It includes behaviour sometimes described as acting out, challenging behaviour and behaviours of concern. On this page there are links to further information for workers and employers. Check the video out here.
The latest edition of WorkSafe's newsletter for HSRs was posted yesterday. The newsletter contains information on events being run by the regulator during Health and Safety Month.
The newsletter also promotes WorkSafe's HSR Support Channel app (powered by CodeSafe). By downloading the app, HSRs can get quick and easy access to commonly used guidance and other helpful materials. Some of the resources available on the app include:
- Compliance codes and Consultation info
- Assistance on HSR powers
The newsletter announces WorkSafe's current 6 week prevention blitz on falls, following the tragic death of a 23-year-old carpenter. There's more information for HSRs in the newsletter, including where to go for support. Check out the newsletter online here.
OHS Month: WorkSafe Victoria events
The state's OHS regulator has scheduled a number of free events in late October as part of Health and Safety Month. Remember the VTHC will also be running our annual OHS Reps' Conference - details to come soon. Click on the webinar title for more details and to register for the event you are interested in.
Learn more about the infringement notice scheme and what this means for you.
When: Wednesday 20 Oct 2021 at 1.30pm to 2.15pm
Work-related violence in community care.
When: Wednesday 20 Oct 2021 at 12.00pm to 12.45pm
Why WorkSafe exists: Dan and Joanne's stories.
A webinar with Health and Safety Month 2021 ambassadors Joanne Woodward and Dan Casey. Both Joanne and Dan, who received return to work achievement awards in the past, will share their stories of recovery and return to work following work-related injuries. When: Wednesday 20 Oct 2021 at 9.00am to 9.45am
Why WorkSafe exists: Case studies of prosecutions.
What happens when employers fail to meet their OHS obligations? WorkSafe investigators will share case studies of successful prosecutions arising from serious incidents. When: Wednesday 20 Oct 2021 at 10.30am to 11.15am
Workplace mental health 101: A business case study.
When: Thursday 21 Oct 2021 at 11.30am to 12.30pm
National Fatality Statistics
Safe Work Australia updated its statistics on fatalities on September 16, at which time it had been notified that 84 Australian workers had been killed at work this year - three more than at September 2. The total numbers of fatalities have been in the following sectors:
- 31 in Transport, postal & warehousing
- 11 in Construction
- 10 in Agriculture, forestry & fishing
- 9 in Manufacturing
- 5 in Arts & recreation services
- 4 in Mining
- 4 in Public administration & safety
- 3 in Electricity, gas, water & waste services
- 2 in Other Services
- 1 in Wholesale trade
- 1 in Accommodation & food services
- 1 in Education & training
- 1 in Retail trade
- 1 in Administrative & support services
These figures are based mainly on initial media reports and provide a preliminary estimate of the number of people killed while working. Once the appropriate authority has investigated the death, more accurate information becomes available from which Safe Work Australia updates details of the incident, consequently sometimes the numbers of deaths in each sector change. Updated information is used to publish Safe Work Australia’s annual Work-related Traumatic Injury Fatalities report which includes finalised work-related fatalities from 2003 onwards. Note that the figures are based on preliminary reports, and so at times will change. To check for updates, and for more details on fatalities since 2003, go to the Safe Work Australia Work-related fatalities webpage.
Victorian Company convicted, fined $360k after worker killed in trench fall
An excavation company has been convicted and fined $360,000 after a worker was killed when he fell into a trench at a Wallan housing development site in August 2018.
Crowley Excavation Pty Ltd was sentenced in the Melbourne County Court last week after pleading guilty to a charge of failing to provide a safe workplace.
The company had been installing sewers at the site, which involved digging a deep trench. The worker was required to improvise and lean over the unprotected edge of the trench to hook and unhook lifting chains to a trench shield. On the day of the incident the worker suffered fatal injuries after falling six metres into the trench while moving a trench shield.
A WorkSafe investigation found the company could have taken reasonably practicable steps to reduce the risk of a fall, such as:
- Using a walkway and ladder to approach the trench shield.
- Removing the need to attach and re-attach chains by using longer chains or separate chains for each shield.
- Using visual safety reminders near the edge of the trench.
Victorian County Court Judge Damian Murphy said were it not for Crowley Excavation Pty Ltd's early guilty plea, he would have imposed a fine of $600,000. He noted that Crowley was on notice of the risk from being convicted of a breach in 2012, and should have been aware of the need to provide a safe walkway or use equipment that eliminated the need for personnel to go near the trench.
WorkSafe Executive Director of Health and Safety Andrew Keen said, "This death is a tragedy that should have been avoided and a heartbreaking reminder of the consequences of not prioritising safety. The risks of falling from a height while working around trenches, and the controls that duty holders can put in place to reduce these risks, are well-known in the industry."
Source: WorkSafe media release; OHSAlert
To check for more Victorian prosecutions before the next edition, go to WorkSafe Victoria's Prosecution Result Summaries and Enforceable Undertakings webpage.
Tonight: Wednesday 22 September - Chemical Hazard Communication Network (CHCN) meeting
The CHCN, a six-monthly meeting, is a general networking / discussion update meeting, open to all, to discuss issues that are going on for Dangerous Goods and Chemical Regulation at the moment. The meeting is co-convened by Richard Greenwood (RG Chemical Safety - [email protected]) and Jeff Simpson (HazTech Environmental - [email protected]). If you have any queries, please contact Richard or Jeff.
Like many meetings we are now participating in, the CHCN will be a Webinar Chat meeting. Join Zoom Meeting from 5.45pm for a 6-8pm meeting using this weblink in your browser. If you have a Zoom account you can also join with: Meeting ID: 876 9537 7734 Passcode: 508324
The topics to be discussed will be:
Classification matters - both Australian and international
Labelling and SDS issues
Chemical Hazard Communication Regulatory Matters
Australian, EU & USA Hazardous Chemical Management developments
Hazardous Chemicals - Evaluation / Issues / Incidents
Conferences, Workshops, Discussion Groups / Forums
For more information, contact Jeff Simpson (CHCN convenor and Webinar host), Haztech Environmental, Ph: 03-9885-1269 Mob: 0403-072-092, Email: [email protected]
Jeff can assist in setting up the Zoom meeting. Contact Jeff for instructions on how to join. Note from the organisers: "For transparency, we require that everyone attends with video on. Casual dress is acceptable and encouraged, but we want to ensure that those attending adhere to our meeting standards on not making recordings, and for that we need to confirm who you are. Attendees without their video being on, will not be permitted to remain in the meeting."
The following 5th DGAG meeting, will be on Wednesday 21 October 2020, also as a DGAG Webinar Discuss/Chat Meeting at 5.30-7.30 pm.
VTHC Training for HSRs and Deputy HSRs
With the lockdown still underway in Victoria, the VTHC training courses are still being delivered online. If you've enrolled in a course and are not sure what's happening, then please contact Natalie Wood at [email protected] at the VTHC Training Unit.
Five day Initial Training Courses
It's extremely important for HSRs to complete the five day initial course - this ensures they have the best training to be able to understand their rights under the Act and represent the members of their DWGs. Here are the dates and locations of the courses:
- 4 - 8 October - Bendigo
- 11 - 15 October - Carlton
- October 20,21,22 & November 4,5 - Frankston
- 8 - 12 November - Ringwood
- 15 - 19 November - Werribee
- 29 November - 3 December - Carlton
- 13 - 17 December - Carlton
HSR Initial & Refresher training
Remember: if you haven't got around to doing your annual refresher, then you should enrol now: it's a very important 'update' on all the new stuff going on. Most HSRs do their initial training, but many do not then enrol in the subsequent 'Refresher' courses. All HSRs are entitled to, and should, attend 'Refresher Training' each year subsequent to completing the five day initial training.
Section 67 of the OHS Act 2004 entitles all OHS and Deputy Reps who have completed a 5 day initial training course to attend a one day refresher training course each year to keep their knowledge of OHS law and practice up-to-date. It's important to take this right up, as the Refresher training provides an opportunity to catch up with new legislation and material, meet with other HSRs, and further hone skills.
The refresher course covers:
- Session 1 - covers legislative update on the Victorian OHS 2004 Act, OHS Regulations 2007, WorkSafe compliance codes and guides.
- Session 2 - covers consultation, communication, problem solving.
- Sessions 3 & 4 - covers hazard identification and control with either manual handling, work related stress, incident investigation or hazard mapping.
Upcoming 2021 dates for Refresher training and locations:
- 29 September - Carlton
- 26 October - Carlton
- 26 October - Carlton
- 28 October - Frankston
- 15 November - Education focus: AEU, Abbotsford
- 26 November - Carlton
- 29 November - Bendigo
- 16 December - Carlton
Go to this link to find out about costs and to enrol in a five-day initial or a refresher course. Remember to then notify your employer at least 14 days before the course.