Welcome to the September 18 edition of the VTHC's OHS Unit's weekly journal SafetyNet.
For all the Victorian HSRs out there: Remember to register for the HSR Conference and notify your employer ASAP. Deputies and others interested in OHS are welcome as well. (See below)
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VTHC HSR Conference: October 29. Register NOW!
We have just received approval under s69 of the OHS Act to run our hugely successful Conference for Health and Safety Representatives (HSRs). This year, the Conference will be held on As usual, our HSR Conference will take place on Tuesday October 29. The theme of this year's conference is "Emerging Issues - Safe and Inclusive Workplaces". We are also expanding where we will be running the conference, so it will be easier for HSRs in non-metropolitan Melbourne to attend:
- Melbourne: Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre
- Bendigo: Trades Hall Council, Bendigo
- Gippsland: Federation University, Gippsland Campus, Churchill
- Portland: South West TAFE campus, Portland
- Wodonga: Wodonga TAFE Space, Lawrence Street Campus
The conference is free and is sponsored by WorkSafe - but registration is essential. It is the primary event for HSRs in Health and Safety Month. Elected HSRs are entitled to attend the conference on paid leave as per s69 of the Act, but they must give their employer at least 14 days' notice. Employers must grant HSRs the paid leave to attend as long as they have received the 14 days' notice - so this means you must do this by October 15th at the very latest to guarantee you will get paid leave to attend. So get on to this as soon as possible to ensure you've got the leave and you're registered.
We also welcome Deputy HSRs - and many employers are happy to grant them paid leave to do so. So ask!
Go to the Registration website page now to register - it's super easy. Once you've registered you'll be able to download a letter for your employer and proof of the s69 approval from WorkSafe.
FREE posters for the conference are available now - we have lots of these available and if you'd like some, contact OHSCampaigns@vthc.org.au. You can check out the poster here. Feel free to copy it and post it on your noticeboard if you can't get hard copies.
VTHC: Training on 'Independent Medical Examiners'
IMEs are part of the Workers' Compensation system, and judging from the experiences of injured workers, sometimes their 'independence' leaves a lot to be desired. The IWSN and the VTHC OHS Unit are combining to provide training to interested people (HSRs, union organisers, injured workers) around a campaign on IMEs. There will be two separate training sessions - in order to satisfy people's availability. The training will take place at the Trade Hall (Corner Victoria and Lygon Streets, Carlton South) - come along and meet the OHS team, if you haven't already. If you are interested in attending, please RSVP via the appropriate link, below.
Injured Workers Support Network new website
And just another reminder: Have you checked out the new Injured Workers' Support Network (IWSN) website yet? It's a great new site, with resources and advice for any worker who has been injured in the workplace. There's an invitation to join the Network, and also to sign up to get regular updates. Check the new site here.
I work in a team that is predominantly made up of women. We have to go to set up at community events, and this often involves lifting heavy equipment and setting up marquees, often on our own. Assistance isn't always available, and our team is made up of women with different levels of physical strength. Should we be lifting such heavy items?
There is nothing in OHS which specifically addresses about weights, nor is there any differentiation between men and women. This is because even light weights can create a risk, depending on several factors, and just as women have different levels of physical capacity, so do men – see this page on the site. For general information on manual handling, go to this page.
There are regulations on manual handling, which require the employer to eliminate, so far as is reasonably practicable, or else minimise hazardous manual handling - to follow a hazard/risk elimination/reduction procedure. The regulations stipulate that the employer must identify any hazardous manual handling tasks and then implement controls according to the preferred order of controls – see a summary of the regulations, here.
So, I would recommend raising the issue officially with your employer - request that a policy be developed covering the work done out of the office at outdoor and other events. The policy should cover:
- Assessment of all the tasks to determine whether there is a risk of hazardous manual handling – this assessment can be done on a number of ‘like’ tasks – eg putting up a marquis
- the development and implementation of specific controls for each task/job. Note that team lifting may be a control, but it’s at the bottom of the hierarchy. Nevertheless, it may be that certain things can only be done by providing assistance.
- Workers need to be trained, provided with the correct equipment and all relevant information
If you have any ohs related queries, then send them in via our Ask Renata facility on the website.
The wonderful Sam, from the team, has been filming some short videos with HSRs and posting them to our Facebook page. The latest is Aiden - a brand new HSR working in disability, he's also an absolute gun. Check out how he expertly handled the issue of clients causing safety concerns whilst on a moving bus, consulting with experts and trialing several solutions, including issuing a ceasework! He has a great team supporting him and shows what HSRs can do when they understand the Act and their powers. Watch the video here.
Surge in cases of silicosis
The alarming surge in the number of stonemasons diagnosed with the lung disease silicosis illustrates the importance of continuing the fight to lower Australia's exposure standard to 0.025mg/m3 as an 8hr TWA - as being advocated by the VTHC (see our information page on Silica). The recent introduction in Victoria of regulations banning the dry cutting of engineered stone is a good start, but it's very possible that workers will continue to be exposed to unacceptably high levels of silica dust. This week, the ABC's 7.30 ran another story of a 34 year old former stonemason struck down by silicosis. Check out the report here.
Senate inquiry into trucking conditions and safety
Crossbench Senators have voted with Labor and the Greens to establish a Senate inquiry that will revisit how pay and conditions in the trucking industry impact road safety. The inquiry by the Senate's Rural and Regional Affairs and Transport References Committee will report by April 2020.
Its terms of reference include the "importance of an enforceable minimum award rate and sustainable standards and conditions" for all stakeholders, plus "efficient cost-recovery measures for industry stakeholders, including subcontractors".
The establishment of an inquiry was endorsed at a transport industry forum in Canberra last month, which was attended by more than 30 representative bodies, including truck drivers, the TWU, transport operators and industry associations. The forum was organised by Labor's shadow assistant mInister for road safety, Glenn Sterle, who is a former owner-operator and ex-TWU official. It called for the inquiry to focus on the "importance of a viable, safe, sustainable and efficient road transport industry".
After thorough industry consultation, the Gillard Labor Government established the Road Safety Remuneration Tribunal (RSRT) in 2012 to set pay and conditions for road transport drivers in the road transport industry - however it was scrapped by the Turnbull Government in 2016 after controversy over the effect on owner-drivers and others. Unsurprisingly, then, the government the government Senators voted against the inquiry, arguing it is already taking action on road investment and regulation, complementing a new Office of Road Safety and the Joint Select Committee on Road Safety.
Clean up of Geelong dump site
The huge task of the clean up and removal of a contaminated waste stockpile near Geelong is under way after the site's owner went into liquidation leaving a clean-up bill of $100m. The now insolvent C&D Recycling company abandoned about 320,000 cubic metres of mostly building waste at Broderick Road in Lara after it shut in December 2017. The stockpile, a fire hazard which is also contaminated with asbestos and other toxic substances, will take years to clear.
The site’s former operator, David McAuliffe, was originally sentenced to three months due to the state of the site but has had his sentenced overturned and now has just an 18-month community corrections order and a $15,000 fine. The site’s former leaseholder, The Australian Sawmilling Company (TASCO), went into liquidation in April this year. This leaves the EPA with the clean up costs - the state government is contributing $30m. Source: The Australian
ASEA Conference: Perth 11 - 13 November
Don't forget the 2019 Asbestos Safety Conference, at the Perth Convention and Exhibition Centre. All members of the asbestos management system have the opportunity to come together, exchange information and share ideas with over 300 domestic and international professionals from a range of sectors including workers’ health and safety, public health, the role of the non-government sector, and international campaign work. There will also be sessions focused on the work of asbestos support groups, the latest research into asbestos awareness communications and the latest from medical researchers. Check out the conference program here. For more information and to register, click here.
International Union news
UK: Danger of 19th century working conditions, TUC warns
Britain risks slipping back to 19th century working conditions, the TUC has warned. A new report from the UK's peak union body says there are 3.7 million people in insecure work, nearly two million (1.85m) self-employed people earning less than the minimum wage and workers still facing the longest pay squeeze for 200 years. It says that unless the balance of power is reset in the workplace, economic inequality and insecure work will continue to get worse. Increasing the number of workers covered by collective bargaining agreements is the best way to raise wages and improve conditions, the report adds. It recommends “broadening the scope of collective bargaining rights to include all pay and conditions, including pay and pensions, working time and holidays, equality issues (including maternity and paternity rights), health and safety, grievance and disciplinary processes, training and development, work organisation, including the introduction of new technologies, and the nature and level of staffing.”
The report notes: “Research shows that workplaces with collective bargaining have higher pay, more training days, more equal opportunities practices, better holiday and sick pay provision, more family-friendly measures, less long-hours working and better health and safety. Staff are much less likely to express job-related anxiety in unionised workplaces than comparable non-unionised workplaces; the difference is particularly striking for women with caring responsibilities.” TUC general secretary Frances O’Grady said: “We urgently need to reset the balance of power in our economy and give people more of a say about what happens to them at work. We know that collective bargaining is the best way to raise wages and improve conditions – so let’s expand it across the whole workforce.” In 2018, labour law expert John Hendy of the Institute of Employment Rights argued in the union-backed safety magazine Hazards: “Collective bargaining is the only way of giving workers an effective voice and power to prevent injustice in the workplace.”
Read more: TUC news release and report, A stronger voice for workers: how collective bargaining can deliver a better deal at work, TUC, September 2019. The Guardian.
Wage war: Delivering workplace justice through union collective bargaining, Hazards magazine, number 142, 2018. Source: Risks 914
USA: Deadly meat industry could soon get deadlier
Trump administration policies threaten to worsen the already dangerous conditions for meatpacking workers in the United States, Human Rights Watch (HRW) has warned. A new report from the group says the current administration is weakening oversight of slaughterhouses and lifting limits on production speeds. The 100-page HRW report, ‘When we’re dead and buried, our bones will keep hurting’: Workers’ rights under threat in US meat and poultry plants, describes alarmingly high rates of serious injury and chronic illness among workers at chicken, pig, and cattle slaughtering and processing plants.
HRW interviewed workers who described serious job-related injuries or illnesses, and nearly all the interviewed workers identified production speed as the factor that made their job dangerous. “US meat and poultry workers are put under intense pressure to keep up with production, risking traumatic injury and disabling illness,” said Matt McConnell, research fellow in HRW’s business and human rights division. “By giving companies the green light to accelerate their production, the US government is putting workers’ health on the line.” He added: “The US government should not ignore the human impact of its policies. It has the power and the obligation to improve workers’ conditions, and should not make them worse.”
Read more: HRW news release and video. ‘When we’re dead and buried, our bones will keep hurting’: Workers’ rights under threat in US meat and poultry plants, HRW, September 2019. Source: Risks 914
PTSD linked to increased risk of ovarian cancer
Women who experienced six or more symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) at some point in life had a twofold greater risk of developing ovarian cancer compared with women who never had any PTSD symptoms, according to a new study from researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Moffitt Cancer Center.
The findings indicate that having higher levels of PTSD symptoms, such as being easily startled by ordinary noises or avoiding reminders of the traumatic experience, can be associated with increased risks of ovarian cancer even decades after women experience a traumatic event. The study also found that the link between PTSD and ovarian cancer remained for the most aggressive forms of ovarian cancer.
To better understand how PTSD may influence ovarian cancer risk, researchers analyzed data from the Nurses’ Health Study II (US), which tracked the health of tens of thousands of women between 1989 and 2015 through biennial questionnaires and medical records. Participants were asked about ovarian cancer diagnosis on each questionnaire, and information was validated through a review of medical records.
In 2008, 54,763 Nurses’ Health Study II participants responded to a supplemental questionnaire focused on lifetime traumatic events and symptoms associated with those events. Women were asked to identify the event they considered the most stressful, and the year of this event. They were also asked about seven PTSD symptoms they may have experienced related to the most stressful event. Based on the responses, women were divided into six groups: no trauma exposure; trauma and no PTSD symptoms; trauma and 1-3 symptoms; trauma and 4-5 symptoms; trauma and 6-7 symptoms; and trauma, but PTSD symptoms unknown.
After adjusting for various factors associated with ovarian cancer, including oral contraceptive use and smoking, the researchers found that women who experienced 6-7 symptoms associated with PTSD were at a significantly higher risk for ovarian cancer than women who had never been exposed to trauma. Women with trauma and 4-5 symptoms were also at an elevated risk, but the risk did not reach statistical significance.
Read more: Harvard T.H Chan Media release; Roberta, A, et al: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with increased risk of ovarian cancer: a prospective and retrospective longitudinal cohort study, [Abstract] American Association for Cancer Research, DOI: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-19-1222
Construction workers risk lives by not evacuating immediately
New UK research has found that high-rise construction site workers are “risking their lives” by not responding immediately to evacuation alarms. One in three workers spent more than a minute to finishing a task before heading to an emergency exit, the study found. Once the task was complete, one quarter then did other things, such as collecting tools, before proceeding to an emergency exit.
The researchers from the University of Greenwich also found that two out of five workers required direction from a supervisor to take action, with many believing their employers would view the completion of tasks as more important than an immediate evacuation.
Read more: High-rise construction site workers “risking their lives” by ignoring evacuation alarms. Construction site evacuation safety: evacuation strategies for tall construction sites, Summary Report [pdf] Full Report [pdf] Institution of Occupational Safety and Health
New laws protect safety of contractors and gig economy workers
Laws designed to provide safer and fairer working conditions for owner drivers and operators, including gig economy cyclists, have passed Victorian Parliament, introducing fines of up to $16,500 for hirers and brokers who fail in their obligations to these workers.
The Owner Drivers and Forestry Contractors Amendment Bill 2019, to commence on a day to be proclaimed or 1 May 2020 at the latest, will benefit owner operators that are contractors rather than legal employees and supply and operate up to three vehicles, including bicycles used to deliver goods for online platforms like Deliveroo and Uber Eats, State Industrial Relations Minister Tim Pallas said.
A recent review found many companies that hired or brokered for these operators were breaching their duties to properly record contractual arrangements or provide the applicable rate and costs schedule to contractors before their engagement, exposing operators to safety and income risks, the Minister said. The State Government announced a review of the Owner Drivers and Forestry Contractors Act 2005 in late 2016, claiming economic pressures had "forced some drivers into unsafe practices", and the issue was exacerbated by the abolition of the national Road Safety Remuneration Tribunal, which was established to disincentivise speeding, driving while fatigued or overloading vehicles. Source: OHSAlert
Clare Amies to move on
After more than 10 years at WorkSafe, including four and a half as Chief Executive, Ms Clare Amies has resigned. Last week the Victorian Minister for Workplace Safety announced that Ms Amies will be leaving the organisation to take up a new role with the Department of Justice and Community Safety, where she will be leading work examining regulatory arrangements. She will, however, stay on at WorkSafe until the Government and Board appoint a new Chief Executive.
Ms Amies said, "Leading WorkSafe has been a true privilege and I feel very fortunate to have been able to play a role in helping Victorians stay safe at work, and supporting those who have been injured, for so long. I know that I am leaving the organisation in the highly capable hands of people who are committed to the safety and wellbeing of all Victorian workers."
Ms Jill Hennessy, the Minister for Workplace Safety said, "On behalf of the Victorian Government, I want to thank Ms Amies for her tireless leadership of WorkSafe as chief executive and in other positions over the past decade. She has held a number of critical roles protecting the health and safety of workers across the state." Read more: Government media release
Reminder: Health and Safety Month, October 2019
WorkSafe Victoria has launched its program of events for this year's Health and Safety Month, which will be taking place October 2 - 31. There are over 20 events being run on topics, for a range of industries all across the state. Download the event program here, and register for an event. Remember though, if you're an elected HSR, your event will be the VTHC HSR Conference.
Win $3000 by hosting your own event
WorkSafe is running a competition and you can win! The regulator wants more people to be involved in Health and Safety Month even those who either can’t make it to one of thei scheduled events or for those who also want to run their own. Host your own safety focused event and go in the draw to win $3000 ( awarded through a Coles Group and Myer gift card valued at $3,000) for your workplace. Find out how to enter the competition here.
NT: Industrial manslaughter bill
A bill that aims to overhaul industrial manslaughter laws in the Northern Territory is to be introduced into parliament. The Work Health and Safety (National Uniform Legislation) Amendment Bill 2019 will ensure all businesses will be penalised for reckless or negligent conduct leading to workplace fatalities. Currently, only individuals can be charged with industrial manslaughter with no equivalent penalties for corporations. Introducing industrial manslaughter laws – with maximum penalties of life imprisonment for individuals and about $10 million for bodies corporate – was one of 27 recommendations from former ACTU assistant secretary Tim Lyons' best practice review of the Northern Territory's WHS regime. Sources: SafetyCulture OHS News; OHSAlert
Safe Work Australia
New guidance on Silica
Safe Work Australia has released new guidance: Working with silica and silica containing products. The guidance is particularly aimed at any person conducting a business or undertaking (PCBU - or employer in Victoria) who has workers (including themselves) that work with silica or silica containing products. Silica containing products include:
Safe Work Australia has again updated its fatality statistics: as of September 12, there were 111 fatalities notified to the national body. This is 11 more than the last update on August 29. Three of these were in the Transport, postal and warehousing sector, two in Construction and in Arts & recreation services, and one in Admin & support services. The workers killed came from the following industries:
- 37 in Transport, postal & warehousing
- 25 in Agriculture, forestry & fishing
- 16 in Construction
- 7 in Mining
- 6 in Public Administration & safety
- 6 in Electricity, gas, water & waste services
- 4 in Manufacturing
- 2 in Professional, scientific & technical services
- 2 in Wholesale trade
- 2 in 'Other services'
- 2 in Administration & support services
- 2 in Arts & recreation services
No new results of prosecutions were put on the WorkSafe site this week - but to check over the next week, go to the WorkSafe Prosecution Result Summaries and Enforceable Undertakings webpage.
NSW: PCBU & director fined after putting neighbours at risk
A PCBU and its director exposed four worksite neighbours to the risk of serious injury or death in ignoring their WHS obligations under time and cost pressures, a court has found in fining them a total of more than $200,000.
On 29 February 2016, the eastern side of a Liverpool, NSW building containing a hairdressing business and a residential apartment collapsed after ADN Investments Pty Ltd excavated the neighbouring property to 450mm below the building's brick foundations.
ADN pleaded guilty to breaching sections 19(2) and 32 of the State WHS Act in failing to ensure, so far as was reasonably practicable, that the health and safety of "other persons" wasn't put at risk from the conduct of its business or undertaking. ADN director Adnan Yassine, who was responsible for ADN's WHS procedures and personally performed the excavation work that undermined the hairdressing building, pleaded guilty to breaching sections 27 and 32 in failing to exercise due diligence to ensure that ADN complied with its section-19(2) duties.
In the District Court, ADN was fined $180,000 after a 25 per cent discount for its guilty plea. Yassine was fined $30,000 after a high 40 per cent discount for his plea and willingness to provide evidence for the prosecutor in any proceedings that might be brought against the excavation site's owner, Liverpool Developing Pty Ltd, and principal contractor Erector Group Pty Ltd.
UK: Council fined after seven get vibration disease
A council in the UK - the Dacorum Borough Council - has been fined after seven grounds maintenance workers developed Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) caused by excessive, poorly controlled use of power tools. Luton Magistrates’ Court heard how the council reported seven cases of HAVS between May 2015 and June 2016. The affected employees were all part of its grounds maintenance and street care team, looking after the public spaces in Hertfordshire. An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found the council had neither adequately planned its working methods nor trained or informed employees on the risks to their health. Furthermore, Dacorum Borough Council did not limit the duration or magnitude of exposure to vibration and failed to put in place suitable health surveillance to identify problems at any early stage. Dacorum Borough Council guilty to a criminal breach of the Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005 and was fined £100,000 and ordered to pay costs of £28,672.62. HSE inspector Rubeena Surnam said: “This was a case of the council failing to identify the risk from hand arm vibration which is a recognised health risk with potentially disabling consequences. Unless vibration is identified and properly assessed, an employer won’t know the level of risk and whether action is needed to protect workers.”
Read more: HSE news release. Construction Enquirer. Information on Vibration. Source: Risks 914
Amazon (U.S): The cost of next day delivery
In a disturbing feature which raises questions in the Australian context, BuzzFeed explores how Amazon, the world's largest retailer, has brought 'chaos and carnage' to the streets of the U.S, but has a system which has to date allowed it to escape blame. It involves sub-contracting to firms which in turn sub-contract to individual delivery drivers. But it's Amazon that sets goals which are impossible to reach unless drivers don't take breaks (meaning they can't even take toilet breaks), work extremely long hours and then end up wearing the blame if they are involved in car crashes. The investigative article looks at the case of a 29-year-old driver, who - racing to drop Amazon packages on doorsteps throughout Chicago - ran over an 84-year-old grandmother, crushing her diaphragm, shattering several ribs, and fracturing her skull. She died as a result of her injuries.
The young man would later be charged with reckless homicide. The investigating officers did not ask him about the constant pressure for speed he faced as a driver for Inpax Shipping Solutions - one of hundreds of small companies that make up Amazon’s gigantic delivery network across America. If they had, they would have discovered that the company’s drivers worked under relentless demands to deliver hundreds of packages each shift - for a flat rate of about US$160 a day - at the direction of dispatchers who often compel them to skip meals, bathroom breaks, and any other form of rest, discouraging them from going home until the very last box is delivered.
The woman's grieving family has sought redress by suing Amazon, Inpax, and the driver for wrongful death. However, the e-commerce giant refused to accept any responsibility. “The damages, if any, were caused, in whole or in part, by third parties not under the direction or control of Amazon.com,” its lawyers said.
Read more: Amazon’s Next-Day Delivery Has Brought Chaos And Carnage To America’s Streets, BuzzFeed
If you have an OHS related event you would like us to advertise, please email Renata at email@example.com with details, including location, cost (if any), and where to RSVP.
BE TRADES HALL TRAINED: VTHC OHS Training Centre
Make sure you attend training provided either by your union or the VTHC! HSRs are elected by their fellow workers to represent them. We understand what HSRs need and have been training effective HSRs for many years. Remember that under Section 67 of the OHS Act, both HSRs and deputies have the right to attend the training course of their choice (in consultation with their employer).
The VTHC OHS Unit is now running courses in a number of new locations to cater for HSRs in the outer suburbs of Melbourne. This is in addition to courses in our usual locations. If you have any questions on the registration process or the courses themselves, send an email to Lisa Mott (or call her on 03 9659 3511). Below are the dates for the next few courses run by the VTHC OHS Training Centre. You can now register and pay directly from the site here.
HSR Initial OHS training course
October 7 – 11: Frankston
October 14 – 18: Carlton
November 11 – 15: Carlton AND Bendigo
November 18 – 22: Werribee
November 25 – 29 (Education Sector ONLY): AEU Abbotsford
December 9 – 13: Carlton
HSR Refresher OHS Training Courses*
September 24 Carlton
October 23, Carlton
December 12 (Education Sector ONLY): AEU Abbotsford
December 16, Carlton
* HSRs are entitled to attend this course every year subsequent to attending the Initial OHS training course.
OHS Training at the ACTU
The ACTU (Australian Council of Trade unions) runs training courses in occupational/workplace health and safety. These are the upcoming courses in Melbourn
CERTIFICATE IV IN WHS
Part 1 14th – 16th October 2019
Part 2 12th – 15th November 2019
The course will be delivered at the ACTU (VIC).
For more information, phone Chris Hughes (03 9664 7389 Mon-Fri) or Anna Pupillo (03 9664 7334 Mon-Wed & Fri). ACTU health and safety training
September 30: Southern Safety Group
The next meeting of the SSG will be held on Monday September 30. Guest speaker will be Caoimhe Geraghty speaking on UV Safety.
Skin cancer takes the lives of approximately 2,000 Australians per year. 200 melanomas and 34,000 non melanoma skin cancers are due to UV exposure at work and yet it is one of the most preventable cancers. Hear from Cancer Council Victoria’s Caoimhe Geraghty from the SunSmart team on UV as a workplace hazard, how it affects our health, how to protect workers from too much UV and checking for skin cancer. Hard copy resources will be provided
When: 3.00 pm (Check in at 2.30pm) to 5pm
Where: Surdex Steel: 46 Brooks Drive, Dandenong South
Members are free; Non-members $5.00. Annual Membership: $25.00; Corporate $50.00. RSVP to Gary Thexton via email firstname.lastname@example.org
Next meeting: Monday October 28, Guest speaker: Laura Paulsen presenting "Building a healthy workplace".
Nov 19 - 21 International Symposium on the system of radiological protestion
Mines - Medicine - Mars
ICRP 2019 is a combined event that offers the opportunity for more than 400 professionals, experts and researchers worldwide to discuss their respective concerns and the current challenges faced in all areas of radiological protection, as well as the ways forward through new research, updating doctrines, or better interactions with stakeholders. The program looks at a range of issues associated with radiological protection in mining including the latest science on radon risk, waste management practices, and best practice in the protection of the environment.