Common Hazardous Substances in the Workplace

There are various hazardous substances that can be found in workplaces. Have a look at this list of common hazardous substances below.

Exhaust fumes - how dangerous are they?
Exhaust fumes are extremely dangerous and can seriously injure and even kill people who are exposed. Exhaust fumes from heaters, for example, contain carbon monoxide,...
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Arsenic
Arsenic compounds, which are designated hazardous substances, are used in agriculture (as an additive to feed), and insecticides, herbicides, larvicides, and pesticides; in pigment production; in...
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Carbon Monoxide
Carbon monoxide (CO) is regarded as the commonest single cause of poisoning in both industry and the home. Carbon monoxide can kill workers outright. Thousands...
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Cytotoxic drugs
Cytotoxic drugs, also referred to as antineoplastic, anticancer or cancer chemotherapy drugs, include a wide range of chemical compounds. They are extensively used to treat...
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Diesel - declared carcinogen
IARC concludes diesel exhaust fumes are carcinogenic A panel of scientific experts convened by the World Health Organization's (WHO) International Agency for Research on Cancer...
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Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Passive smoking or second hand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) can be a serious health issue in some workplaces.  How big an issue is...
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Latex
Latex in rubber is an irritant. The most widespread use in workplaces is in the form of latex rubber gloves, used by many workers as...
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Lead
Inorganic lead is used in the form of the pure metal, alloys and compounds. Certain products also contain lead. Exposure to lead can occur in...
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Silica
Silica Exposure Campaign VTHC Exposure Standard - 0.02mg/m3 as an 8hr TWA, with an action level of 0.01mg/m3.  Victorian Trades Hall Council has updated its...
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Solvents
Solvents are among the most commonly used chemicals in workplaces. Workers in different jobs regularly use solvents for degreasing, metal cleaning, and adhesion and as...
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Chemicals and contact lenses
Since 1978, the USA's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has recommended  that workers not wear contact lenses when working with chemicals that can...
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Perfumes and scents: chemicals too!
Most of us use perfumes, scents, deodorants... but for those with allergies, asthma or multiple chemical sensitivity, the chemicals in these products can cause problems such as...
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Glutaraldehyde
    Glutaraldehyde, or 1,5-pentanedial, is a colourless oily liquid with a pungent odour and is slightly acidic in its natural state. It is soluble...
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Formaldehyde
What is formaldehyde? Formaldehyde is a colourless, flammable gas with a pungent/strong odour. Water-based solutions containing dissolved formaldehyde, known as 'formalin', are used in many...
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