Welcome to the July 14 edition of SafetyNet.
If you're seeing this today, July 19, we're trying to correct an error in how the journal went up on the site. The COVID figures and general information given below are as at July 14 (so ignore them), and a new edition will be up on Wednesday.
In the latest COVID news: unfortunately there have been a few positive cases which have entered Victoria from NSW, so there is some concern that these remain in quarantine and all contracts traced. The number of new infections in NSW has continued to grow, with the lockdown extended for at least a further two weeks.
Visit our We Are Union: OHS Reps Facebook page for news, memes and more. If you have any questions or need any advice, we can be reached via the Ask Renata facility on the website or through the closed OHS Network Facebook page. If you have comments or want to send through any ideas, email us at [email protected]
Coronavirus (COVID-19) - (as at July 14)
Unfortunately there have been five community cases found in Victoria, originating from NSW. Nevertheless, apart from a number of exposure sites now being listed, and people identified as contacts being required to self-isolate for 14 days and get tested, the restrictions have not changed. The current restrictions:
- mandated wearing of masks indoors and in public facing situations (such as shops and supermarkets, public transport), but no longer in schools or in workplaces (if there is no interaction with the public)
- checking in with QR codes
- physical distancing and space quotients (1 person per 2 metres square)
- maximum numbers/percentages have increased for venues, gatherings and at workplaces
- The number of visitors to the home per day remains at 15.
The removal of the requirement for masks to be worn in many workplaces will encourage more workers to return to work and to Melbourne’s CBD. Go to these pages for updated information on the current numbers, restrictions and to check exposure sites go to the Victorian government page and our page Coronavirus the Victorian situation
NSW: Unfortunately there have been two COVID-related deaths in the past week. A 90 year old woman, who had not been vaccinated, died after contracting COVID from a family member. This is the first death in Australia in 2021. The second death was that of a 70 year old man. 122 local cases were recorded on Monday, 89 Tuesday. and 97 announced today. NSW's Premier, Gladys Berejiklian today announced that the Greater Sydney's lockdown has been extended by at least a further two weeks to July 30. To date there are have been 785 locally acquired cases in NSW in this latest outbreak.
The NSW government has announced that essential workers in certain NSW LGAs will have to get tested every three days - and this has already led to long queues and workers having to wait for hours, despite a late announcement that the requirement will not begin until Saturday. This has raised many questions, including: who exactly are 'essential workers'? as many types of shops remain open; do they need to isolate until they get their results?; who pays for the many hours spent queuing up? (no-one probably!).
Australia has had a total of 31,429 cases of coronavirus diagnosed, and 912 deaths.
Internationally, the cumulative number of infections is now 188,616,093 (last week it was 185,342,305). This is almost 3.3 million new infections in the past week - the upward trend has continued, with a disturbing increase of 14 per cent. The total number of COVID-related deaths around the world is now 4,065,804 - the trend is up by 1 per cent - expected in light of the increased trend in case numbers. (Note these figures are updated constantly - check the Worldometer website)
We have now reached 9.3 per cent of Australia’s population fully vaccinated against COVID-19 (17.6 per cent have received one dose), increasing steadily but still a long way short of achieving the necessary 70-80 per cent coverage needed to ensure a level of 'herd immunity'. We are still ranked 38/38 for OECD countries. For those who have not yet had a look, check out the Vaccine rollout tracker in The Guardian, which has information on dose numbers, comparisons between Australia and the world, how we're tracking against the original and revised goals and much more.
The good news is that the government announced that supplies of the Pfizer vaccine are now expected to arrive earlier than first anticipated - no doubt due to the increased public pressure and scrutiny. The bad news is that it appears that a 72 year old woman who developed the rare clotting condition associated with the AstraZeneca vaccine died during the week.
This week the federal government also launched a new advertising campaign - Arm Yourself - to encourage people to get vaccinated. It has already been described as lacking in both information and emotional appeal. A second NSW-specific campaign, showing a young woman in hospital gasping for air has attracted criticism for at least two reasons. Firstly: currently demand for the Pfizer vaccine, recommended for those under 60, by far outstrips supply. Secondly: the message could be seen as unethical, as under our health system, no-one would be left alone in hospital gasping for breath. Read more: Why the federal government’s COVID-19 fear appeal to Sydney residents won’t work The Conversation
TWU calls for vaccines for air and ground crew
On the ABC on Wednesday morning, Michael Kaine, National Secretary of the Transport Workers Union revealed that a joint TWU and Virgin Independent Pilots Association survey has found that only a third of frontline airport and airline workers are fully vaccinated, despite being at high risk of catching and spreading the COVID-19 virus.
The survey of nearly 800 cabin crew, pilots, cleaners, baggage handlers and ground workers across airlines and aviation companies shows only around one third of aviation workers have had both vaccine shots while 22 per cent have had one shot. This is despite recent outbreaks in Sydney and across Australia having been linked to flight crew and passengers, causing snap lockdowns and sending hundreds of workers and passengers into 14-day quarantine.
Many workers say they have not been vaccinated because of a lack of vaccine time slot availability and because it is difficult organising vaccination ahead of roster changes with the potential of losing work. Many in the sector are casual workers. A majority of those vaccinated organised the shot themselves (70 per cent), with just 30 per cent assisted by their employer.
Michael Kaine said that Scott Morrison had not responded to two written requests from the union for aviation workers to be added to vaccine priority lists and for rapid pre-flight testing to be introduced at airports. He said, "We have called on the Federal Government to put in place a national plan on aviation when the crisis hit which would have looked at vaccination for aviation workers. This national plan never happened and today we are paying the price.”
Source: TWU media release Listen to the interview on the ABC here.
Can you tell me how often an office kitchen and toilets should be cleaned? Also, is it reasonable that the office receptionist be tasked to clean them?
Under section 21 of the Act the employer has a duty to provide ‘adequate facilities’ for employees – and also to maintain the workplace in a condition that is, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe and without risks to health (see: Duties of employers) That’s all it says in legislation – however then there is the Workplace amenities and work environment, 2008 Compliance Code which sets out what employers need to do in order to comply with their legal duties.
What it says regarding cleaning and how often:
Workplace amenities need to be maintained so that they continue to meet the needs of employees. This means they need to be hygienic, safe, secure and in serviceable condition.
Workplaces and amenities need to be cleaned regularly, usually daily. The cleaning schedule needs to take into account the requirement for hygienic maintenance of amenities such as dining areas, toilets, hand basins and showers. These amenities need to be cleaned more frequently, taking into account shift work, the type of work performed and the number of employees.
Employers need to periodically review their amenities and facilities, consulting the affected employees and HSRs. Reviews also need to be done when:
work practices, equipment or workplaces are modified
more employees are engaged
new work processes are introduced
an incident impacting on the health, safety or welfare of employees occurs, or
requested by an HSR.
So, it is not specific – it doesn’t set out ‘how often’ as this will depend on lots of factors. It should be noted though that in the current situation with COVID in our communities, the OHS regulators have recommended that cleaning of common areas be undertaken more often.
The code also does not address who does the cleaning. At the moment under common law, an employer can ask an employee to do any work that is legal. However, the office receptionist could look at their employment contract/job description and if cleaning is not listed as a responsibility, this could be raised with the employer.
There are OHS reasons too: workers other than dedicated cleaners would not be adequately dressed for the job, nor perhaps adequately trained (cleaners need to have appropriate PPE, training in the chemicals they use, and so on). The issue should be raised by the HSR.
Note, however, that we are expecting a new Code soon (it is currently at the last stage of review) and in that code it recommends that cleaning needs to be carried out by workers employed to do this work.
Please remember: if you have any OHS related queries, then send them in via our Ask Renata facility on the website.
Workers Compensation questions? Now you can get an expert to respond!
Subscribers of SafetyNet and those who go to the [email protected] website, will be familiar with our 'Ask Renata' service. Often people send in queries which are not strictly OHS, but more on workers compensation issues. Renata tries to provide some information, but often has to go to a Workers' Comp expert for more advice or to verify the answer. Now those with queries in this area can get the expert advice directly from an expert at Union Assist by submitting their inquiry through the VTHC's new service on the Injured Workers Support Network website. Try it out now, and be confident you'll get up to date advice.
Victoria: WorkSafe cracks down on asbestos in Geelong area
WorkSafe is continuing to crackdown on asbestos-removal compliance to ensure the dangerous material is properly removed and disposed of. The authority received 9832 compliance notifications from Geelong licensed asbestos removalists from January 2016 to May 31 this year. It also received 87 inquiries relating to asbestos-removal works across Greater Geelong over the same period. Inspectors made 384 asbestos compliance visits across the region during this period and issued 71 notices at 48 sites. WorkSafe commenced two prosecutions.
“WorkSafe is notified of asbestos removal from hundreds of work sites in the City of Greater Geelong each year,” a spokesperson said. “Where the strict requirements around the removal and disposal of asbestos-containing materials are not adhered to, WorkSafe can and will take action.”
Source: Geelong Advertiser
UK: BBC accepts liability for musician's death due to mesothelioma
On April 8, 2021 the day of the death of musician Christopher Larkin, his former employer – the BBC – admitted liability. An inquest into his death ruled that Mr. Larkin had contracted the cancer mesothelioma due to “exposure to asbestos when he worked for the BBC from 1966 to 1997.” For decades, this member of the BBC orchestra had rehearsed and played at the BBC’s Maida Vale studios in West London which were, according to corporate documents, riddled with asbestos. Mr. Larkin’s widow and the family of another member of the orchestra, violinist Edwin Dodd, are suing the corporation over the demise of their loved ones. Read more: Musician’s widow sues BBC over his exposure to asbestos in studio. The Guardian
Italy: Sad day for justice
Late in the evening of July 9, 2021, Criminal Section IV of the Italian Court of Cassation (Supreme Court) confirmed a 2019 verdict of the Milan Court of Appeal acquitting former executives of the manslaughter of 15 employees who had died from asbestos cancer caused by toxic exposures at an Alfa Romeo factory in the municipality of Arese in the Milan Metropolitan area. The defendants had been accused over their failures to adopt precautionary protocols between 1974 and 1996 which would have prevented toxic exposures of members of the workforce.
Read more: Amianto all’Alfa di Arese Tutti assolti [Asbestos (exposures) at Arese Alfa (factory) – All acquitted]. Il Giorno Milano
England: COVID protections to be axed
Boris Johnson has confirmed that from 19 July he plans to scrap most of the COVID laws in England, including enforcing masks and social distancing, or working from home. Face coverings will no longer be legally required in shops, schools, hospitality, or on public transport although guidance will be in place to suggest where people might choose to wear them, Johnson said at a 5 July Downing Street press conference. The public would instead be able to make their “own informed decisions,” the prime minister said: “If we can't reopen our society in the next few weeks, when we will be helped by the arrival of summer, and by the school holidays, then we must ask ourselves. 'when will be able to return to normal?'” But he warned cases were predicted to rise to 50,000 a day before the restrictions are lifted, then continue upwards, and that hospital admissions would also rise and “we must reconcile ourselves, sadly, to more deaths from COVID.” Responding to Mr Johnson's announcement, Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said “lifting all protections in one go, when the infection rate is going up, is reckless.” Shadow health secretary Jonathan Ashworth said: “We’re not out of the woods, we want to see the lockdown end but we need lifesaving mitigation in place. We still need sick pay, local contact tracing, continued mask wearing, ventilation and support for children to prevent serious illness.”
The peak union council, the TUC, and many unions have condemned the plan. The TUC said the wholesale removal of COVID safety rules in England will leave workers at risk, unless the government agrees effective guidance with unions. It has also called for decent sick pay entitlements for all workers, and extended rights to flexible working. Read more: 10 Downing Street news release and prime minister Boris Johnson’s 5 July 2021 statement. TUC news release For more news on union reactions: Risks 1004
Bangladesh: deadly fire kills at over 50 workers
At least 53 workers have been killed and many more have been injured in a fire that raged through the Hashem Foods factory in Rupganj, near Dhaka. However, a large number of children were illegally employed as child labour in the factory, and so the actual number of deaths and injuries remains unknown. Relatives are still searching for missing workers, mostly women and girls.
- Fueled by the highly flammable chemicals and plastics stored in the factory, the fire which started on July 8, burned for two days. Initial investigations confirm that doors on at least two floors were locked, the main gate was locked, and children as young as 11 years old were working in the factory. In a desperate attempt to escape the flames, some workers were forced to jump from the upper floors of the six-storey building
- Hashem Foods, part of the Sajeeb Group of companies, produces branded goods including Oreo, Tang and Cadbury Bournvita – brands which are owned by Mondelēz. However, the page on the company’s website confirming these relationships was taken down within hours of reports of the fire
- IUF affiliates in Bangladesh responded rapidly to the disaster. They formed the Sajeeb Group Workers Justice Committee and are calling for an independent investigation into the violation of workers’ rights, including health and safety rights at the Hashem Foods factory as well all factories operated under Sajeeb Group and to take legal action against those responsible. It also demanded that the costs of all necessary medical treatment be met and compensation paid to the injured workers and the families of deceased workers
- The IUF is calling on global companies that have a business relationship with Hashem Foods to support demands for a full investigation into the fire, to commit to pay compensation, and to work with the IUF to find effective solutions to the long-running, widespread occupational health and safety issues in Bangladesh’s food factories
IUF Asia/Pacific Regional Secretary, Hidayat Greenfield said, “This callous disregard for human life in food factories in Bangladesh has been going on for too long and must stop. Employers can ignore health and safety laws and disregard post-Rana Plaza measures because they can so easily suppress the right to freedom of association and create a climate of fear. Add extreme poverty to this fear and we have the appalling situation in food factories where children as young as 11 years old are exploited as child labour. Now these children, along with adult workers, have been killed as a direct result of the systematic repression of workers’ rights. It must stop!”. Source: IUF media release
Three work postures linked to back pain
A major South Korean study of agricultural workers has identified three work postures that significantly contribute to lower back pain (LBP) – findings important for all industries,.
The study of more than 1,200 farmers from South Korea’s Jeju Island, which has a high ratio of agricultural work, found 24 per cent suffered LBP.
Jeju National University researchers found the rates not only increased with age and career duration, but through certain types of farming and daily stress levels. They also found that among a number of biomechanical factors, three were significantly associated with LBP.
The harmful postures included:
- repetitive use of body parts like hands, wrists, elbows and shoulders;
- bending, twisting or reclining the lower back by more than 30 degrees; and
- neck flexion or rotation of more than 20 degrees.
These results are in line with previous studies that found "workers who mainly bent forward or sideways reported LBP due to unstable posture and excessive workload".
Unfortunately, they said that postural education, injury prevention education and psychological support play important roles in preventing LBP – rather than recommending higher order controls. "It is important to educate farmers on safe posture or pre-work exercise to prevent occupational injury."
According to the researchers, LBP appears to affect from 26.9 to 63.9 per cent of farmers. LBP has been shown to cause serious socioeconomic losses, physical impairment, and mental health harms like stress, anxiety and depression, they say. "As age increases, the prevalence of LBP increases with continuous exposure to occupational factors and changes in pain perception."
Read more: Hung Jung Lee, et al,Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Associated Risk Factors among Farmers in Jeju. [full article]Safety and Health at Work, online first June 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.shaw.2021.06.003 Source: OHSAlert
WorkSafe to introduce "On the spot fines"
In line with a Victorian Government 2018 election promise the Andrews Labor Government is introducing on the spot fines and provides an immediate alternative to prosecution, for those employers who do the wrong thing.
The proposed Occupational Health and Safety Amendment (Infringements and Miscellaneous Matters) Regulations 2021 (Infringement Regulations), which will be made on July 20, will contain 54 prescribed offences. From that date, WorkSafe inspectors will be able to issue infringement notices with penalties of up to $1,817.40 for certain offences, such as working without a required license, registration, qualification, experience or supervision, or the use of equipment or substances that are not licensed or registered. Infringements can also be applied to individuals or businesses failing to meet duties relating to the removal and storage of asbestos and failing to keep required records.
It is important to note that the OHS Act has allowed for the introduction of such a scheme for decades. Employers need to understand that under the infringement notice scheme their obligations do not change. Duty holders must continue to do everything that is reasonably practicable to provide a workplace that is free from risks to health and safety. The Minister for Workplace Safety Ingrid Stitt said, “This is about making sure every worker gets home safely – and making sure those who are doing the wrong thing face the consequences.” Read more: Victorian government media release; WorkSafe Victoria statement.
Infringement Notices Webinar: WorkSafe will be holding a webinar where you can find out more information about infringement notices and take the opportunity to ask questions.
When: Thursday 22 July 2021
Time: 10am - 11am
Register now - The link to the webinar will be provided via email closer to the event date.
Joint agency 3-day inspection program at Robinvale
WorkSafe inspectors visited Robinvale late last month to ensure growers were complying with occupational health and safety regulations, staying COVID-safe and supporting vulnerable workers. The inspectors issued 28 improvement notices to duty holders at eight of the 27 properties they inspected.
Regional Operations Director Western Region Trevor Butler said among the most common safety issues were improper guarding on tractor power take-offs and other machinery; a lack of rollover protection and maintenance on quad bikes; and inadequate labelling and storage of chemicals.
Department of Health inspectors visited 11 properties as part of the joint agency program, issuing four improvement notices.
Labour Hire Licensing Commissioner Steve Dargavel said the Authority visited 21 properties with a focus on education, checking providers had COVIDSafe plans and looking at their licence status and conditions for labour hire workers. "By working with growers and labour hire providers to ensure they are meeting their obligations, we are helping to ensure this region is a safe and fair place to work," Mr Dargavel said. "Our compliance and enforcement officers were well received by growers who provided information about their labour hire providers." Source: WorkSafe media release
New Grants for workplace safety
The WorkSafe grants support initiatives that deliver outstanding workplace safety and education projects in Victoria. Last week the latest round of grants valued at up to $2 million opened for applications. Grants will be awarded across three tiers of funding - up to $50,000, $50,000-$500,000 and more than $500,000.
Applicants must be a community group or local organisation, an employer, or employer or employee representative group and have an ABN.
WorkSafe Executive Director, External Affairs Sam Jenkin said WorkSafe's grants focus on nurturing safety and recovery support innovation in the workplace. "Innovative programs can make a lasting difference to the lives of many Victorian workers and their families and play a lead role in improving safety in many workplaces," Mr Jenkin said. "That is why we are delighted that organisations can now seek the resources to turn their ground breaking safety and recovery ideas into sustainable workplace improvements."
Grant applications can be submitted online until Wednesday, 18 August. More information on how to apply for a grant.
Decision not to mandate retrofit of quad bikes fatal
The decision to not retrofit mandatory roll bars on thousands of quad bikes has proven fatal as Australians continue to be killed in tragic incidents at a rate of one every two weeks. At least 164 people have been killed by quad bike over the last decade. Most of those fatalities occurred on private properties, so 24 of those killed last year, ranging in age from 2 to 78, were not counted in the official road toll. This year four people have been killed.
In October 2019 the Federal Government announced a raft of new safety regulations, including that quad bikes sold in Australia had to have a sticker warning of the degree of slope before they overturn. Bikes had to be tested for stability and meet either European or US standards for brakes and suspension. After the October 10 deadline, quad bikes can only be sold without roll bars by dealers if they were ordered before July 1 and delivered by December 31: however this leaves potentially tens of thousands of unsafe bikes still in use. Experts have also reignited calls for helmets to be mandatory and a ban on drivers under 16 years of age.
Chairman of Farmsafe Charles Armstrong said that despite several states offering rebates to fit crash protection devices (roll bars), only a small proportion of the estimated 250,000 - 300,000 quad bikes in use have them fitted. Source: SafetyCulture news
National Return to Work Strategy 2020-2030
Safe Work Australia (SWA) has published a report on its progress in the first year of the National Return to Work Strategy 2020-2030.
The Key achievements and scorecard report captures baseline national measures based on the Measurement Framework as SWA strives towards achieving the National Return to Work Strategy 2020-2030 vision and outcomes over the 10 years.
The report indicates that implementation of the Strategy is on track with SWA progressing several early initiatives that will inform later projects and action areas.
Publication of the report enables SWA to meet progress reporting commitments outlined in Strategy. The Agency will publish further reporting in 2023, 2026, 2028 and 2030; with a more detailed mid-term report will occur in 2025. For more, see the National Return to Work webpage.
National Fatality Statistics
Safe Work Australia updated its statistics on fatalities on July 8, at which time it had been notified that 58 Australian workers had been killed at work this year, seven more than the previous update on June 24. The fatalities were: 4 in Transport, postal & warehousing; 1 each in Construction, Arts & Recreation, Public administration & safety. The total numbers of fatalities have been in the following sectors:
- 23 in Transport, postal & warehousing
- 9 in Construction
- 6 in Manufacturing
- 4 in Agriculture, forestry & fishing
- 4 in Arts & recreation services
- 2 in Mining
- 2 in Other Services
- 2 in Electricity, gas, water & waste services
- 2 in Public administration & safety
- 1 in Wholesale trade
- 1 in Accommodation & food services
- 1 in Education & training
- 1 'unknown'
These figures are based mainly on initial media reports and provide a preliminary estimate of the number of people killed while working. Once the appropriate authority has investigated the death, more accurate information becomes available from which Safe Work Australia updates details of the incident, consequently sometimes the numbers of deaths in each sector change. Updated information is used to publish Safe Work Australia’s annual Work-related Traumatic Injury Fatalities report which includes finalised work-related fatalities from 2003 onwards. Note that the figures are based on preliminary reports, and so at times will change. To check for updates, and for more details on fatalities since 2003, go to the Safe Work Australia Work-related fatalities webpage.
Demolition company fined $100,000 after fatal wall collapse
A demolition contractor was last week convicted and fined $100,000 (plus costs of $4213) following the death of a worker at a Ballarat building site in 2019. Horsham Back-Hoe Hire was sentenced in the Ballarat Magistrates' Court on Friday after pleading guilty on 28 May to one charge of failing to maintain a safe workplace.
On 11 September 2019 a director of the family-run business was demolishing a fire damaged residential property at Mount Pleasant when he pushed over a timber support structure holding up a freestanding brick wall. This caused the wall to collapse, crushing him underneath.
The court heard it was reasonably practicable to have eliminated or reduced the risks by establishing and maintaining an exclusion zone around the live demolition area.
WorkSafe Executive Director of Health and Safety Julie Nielsen said the incident was an absolute tragedy. "My heart goes out to this man's family during what must be an incredibly difficult time," Ms Nielsen said. "This case is a horrific reminder of why it is so important to stop and think about the work being undertaken and ensure risk control measures such as exclusion zones are in place." Source: WorkSafe media release
Meat processor convicted and fined after worker loses tips of fingers
D’Orsogna Limited, a meat processing and packaging company in Mickleham has been convicted and fined $15,000 (plus costs of $1,891) after a worker suffered the amputation of the tips of two fingers on his right hand in July 2019. He was attempting to unjam cooked logs of meat from a meat slicer when his hand made contact with the rotating cutting blade. Although the machine had a light curtain in place that, when broken, stopped the feeding process, the guarding was inadequate in that it did not stop the rotating cutting blade
Within two weeks of the incident the offender had installed a steel mesh guarding system and additional signage that reduced the risk of a person contacting the cutting blade while in operation.
Had it not been for the plea of guilty, the company would have been convicted and fined $20,000.
Scaffolding company fined $20k for failing to follow own SWMS
Scaffolding company Spencer 4 Higher was contracted by Foursquare Construction Management to erect scaffolding at a multi-level residential construction site in Port Melbourne.
On Friday 26 October 2018 a WorkSafe Inspector attended the workplace and observed scaffolding on the front side of the site within approximately 1 metre of overhead powerlines. This was not in accordance to the requirements of a Permit to Work issued by Victorian Electricity Supply Industry ('VESI') in to Foursquare, which permitted the erection, working from and dismantling a scaffold as long as certain conditions were in place.
Spencer 4 Higher prepared a 'Safe Work Method Statement' ('SWMS') which identified that where scaffold was erected within 4.6m horizontally or 5.0m vertically of power lines, there was a risk that workers could be electrocuted. The SWMS listed a number of controls. However, Spencer 4 Higher failed to work in accordance with its own SWMS.
The company pleaded guilty and was without conviction fined $20,000 plus costs of $2,546.
To check for more Victorian prosecutions before the next edition, go to WorkSafe Victoria's Prosecution Result Summaries and Enforceable Undertakings webpage.
EU: Agency release COVID and long COVID guides
The EU's European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) has released two new guides to explain the challenges that returning workers face after suffering COVID-19, whether affected by acute illness or longer term symptoms, also known as long COVID. They provide simple solutions for both managers and workers on how to manage getting back to work.
"There is still much to learn about the impact of COVID-19, but research studies reveal that: one in five people has symptoms after four weeks, and one in 10 has symptoms for 12 weeks or longer," EU-OSHA says. Common symptoms include extreme fatigue, breathlessness, chest pain, muscle and joint pain and mental health issues like anxiety and depression. Some patients experience difficulty thinking and finding the right words, loss of sense of smell, skin rashes and loss of appetite.
Long COVID can involve unusual patterns like relapses with new and sometimes unusual symptoms. "An initially mild or even asymptomatic case can be followed by severe symptoms markedly affecting day-to-day activities," EU-OSHA says.
Tailored to either workers or managers, each guide offers easy-to-follow advice on keeping in touch during sickness leave, the back-to-work interview, measures such as temporary adjustments to working hours or duties, and where to get help.
By working together, workers can get back on their feet and managers can get valued team members back into the workplace. The guides are available in a number of different languages and can be downloaded as pdf documents from these pages:
- COVID-19 and long COVID return-to-work guide for recovering workers
- COVID-19 and long COVID return-to-work guide for managers
Find more COVID-19 resources for the workplace