Welcome to the September 23 edition of our weekly journal SafetyNet.
Things are looking up in Victoria - in metropolitan Melbourne the numbers of new infections have consistently fallen - even more than they were expected to after almost weeks under Stage 4 restrictions. The numbers in regional Victoria have been so low that those living there have been able to go out, with many businesses now open after the weekend.
Visit our We Are Union: OHS Reps Facebook page for news, memes and more. If you have any questions or need any advice, we can be reached via the Ask Renata facility on the website or through the closed OHS Network Facebook page. If you have comments or want to send through any ideas, email us at firstname.lastname@example.org
October 27: VTHC HSR Conference
The registrations keep coming in: there are now over 1200 people who have registered to attend our 2020 VTHC OHS Conference on October 27th 2020. We invite HSRs and DHSRs to register now, remembering that HSRs are entitled to a day's leave with pay if they register and inform their employer at least 14 days in advance.
Remember that this year, the theme is Risks to Psychological Health, and it’s being held entirely online. Read more about the conference on this page of the website.
With uncertainty regarding restrictions in Melbourne and across Victoria due to COVID-19, this year the conference is going to be held entirely online - but it's still going to be a great experience.
We’ll be mailing everyone out everyone a parcel with everything you’ll need to make the day a success - so make sure you register well in advance so there’s plenty of time for yours to arrive. Find all the details and register here.
Coronavirus (COVID-19) - update
According to the latest official figures, there are 26,957 cases of coronavirus disease diagnosed in Australia - just 179 more than last week. After almost six weeks under Stage 4 restrictions, the numbers are steadily decreasing in Victoria, with only 15 diagnosed yesterday. The total number of COVID deaths is 859. Read more on the Victorian situation here.
The international situation continues to be extremely concerning, with many countries now clearly in a 'second wave': the cumulative number of infections is 31,765,063. Last Wednesday it was 29,715,706: this is over 2 million more infections in just one week. There have now been 974,611 deaths around the world. The USA has now had over 7 million cases, and over 205,000 fatalities.
Many countries in Europe are now clearly in the grip of 'second wave' infections. Spain and France have already been mentioned, and the UK government has now decided to re-introduce restrictions as the numbers of new infections continue to soar. The announcement comes after Prime Minister Johnson, who had been resisting a 'lockdown', admitted that Britain was at a "perilous turning point" and had to act now. The new restrictions, which involve wearing masks in public, reducing the size of public gatherings, urging people to work from home, and limiting hours restaurants and pubs can open, will be in place for six months. However many predict that stricter restrictions will be needed to control the second wave. Read more: ABC online
For more information on Coronavirus and COVID-19, go to this page on our site.
I'm in Melbourne and work at a retail establishment that has a 'click and collect' service for customers. Lately, it has been my duty to stand in the carpark as a 'lollipop man'. The only protective equipment I have been given is a high-visibility vest and a slow/stop sign. I have not received any training for this particular job, nor hold any traffic controller qualifications/permits. I was almost hit by a car yesterday performing this role. Is my employer allowed to make me do this or can I refuse?
While you don't need to have qualifications/permits to do this task, your employer is in breach of their duties under the OHS Act by just plonking you there are not giving you training, and not having an adequate traffic management plan in place to eliminate or at least minimise the risk to you and other workers. Under s21 of the Act, your employer has a duty to provide and maintain a working environment that, so far as is reasonably practicable, safe and without risks to health. This includes ensuring there are safe systems of work in place, and also provide employees with as much information, instruction, supervision and training as they need.
So your employer should have, in consultation with any elected HSRs - if no HSRs then with affected employees - identified any hazards and risks and then taken actions to eliminate or to minimise these risks - something they did not do, obviously, if you were almost run over. Now that this has happened, the employer needs to implement controls and a traffic management system - for example with separate and special lanes marked out and barriers in place. There may need to be more workers placed outside, but it's important to ensure that any worker is separated from traffic.
With regards to whether you have the right to refuse to do this job - legally you do. Under both common law and under the Fair Work Act, workers can refuse to do anything which puts their health or safety at risk - especially if it's an immediate risk. This is difficult to do, however, as many workers will feel pressured by their employers to do the job, particularly if they are employed as casuals.
Please remember: if you have any OHS related queries, then send them in via our Ask Renata facility on the website.
Attention Gig workers: what changes do you want to see?
Back in July, a major report into the gig economy was handed down and the Dan Andrews State government is now willing to take action to better regulate gig platforms. After years of workers bravely speaking out, this a huge opportunity to finally fix the wage violations, dodgy employment arrangements, and unsafe working conditions plaguing the gig economy in Victoria.
There isn’t much time before the State Government decides what recommendations it plans to pursue, and it is crucial to ensure that those changes are in line with what affected workers want. So the VTHC’s Young Workers Centre has released a Gig Economy Survey for any worker who currently or has previously used online apps and platforms to find work; from transport and delivery platforms like Uber and Deliveroo, to health and caring work on platforms like Mable and Care.com, to ‘odd jobs’ platforms like Airtasker.
If that’s you - fill in the survey to tell the government how you want your working life to be improved, and together the VTHC will fight to make sure it happens.
ACT: Almost 70 public schools contaminated by lead or asbestos
ACT Education Minister Yvette Berry has revealed that there were 69 Canberra schools built before 1985 that had been identified as containing either asbestos or lead. However, not all of the 69 schools will have the hazardous materials removed now. Although ACT Labor pledged a $15 million fund to clean schools up in the past election, Ms Berry said the money would go towards the schools with the most urgent need of removal. However, each school that had hazardous materials on site had management plans in place. "None of the materials are unsafe if they are managed appropriately, and the Education Directorate has managed them appropriately based on expert advice," Ms Berry said. Source: The Canberra Times
NSW: Major developer charged just $563 after allegedly dumping tonnes of asbestos-contaminated waste
Major property developer, Maas Group Properties, has been penalised just $563 as an “administration fee” after being accused of dumping tonnes of asbestos-contaminated building waste at a site it was developing in Dubbo.
The incident, allegedly involving tonnes of building waste from Sydney being dumped at the newly developed Southlakes housing estate illustrates the difficulties of enforcement of the environmental laws. In April the New South Wales Environment Protection Authority issued Maas Group a cleanup notice – to which they complied. The decision by the EPA not to prosecute has puzzled local EPA staff and some members of Dubbo regional council. Read more: The Guardian
International union news
UK: Weak labour law linked to high Covid death rates
The “lamentable” state of workplace rights in Britain is directly responsible for the devastating impact of Covid-19, a TUC Congress fringe meeting has heard. Professor Keith Ewing told the Institute of Employment Rights (IER) meeting: “It is no coincidence that we have one of the worst health outcomes in the developed world and one of the most highly deregulated labour law systems.” He said that coronavirus had exposed the failure of government to guarantee secure incomes, safe working or even the inspection and enforcement of the rights that do exist.
TUC senior policy officer Janet Williamson pointed to the super-exploitation of the “key workers” who kept the country running at the height of lockdown. She noted that “80 per cent of key workers are paid less than £10 (AD$17.70) an hour, two-thirds are women. Black workers are literally dying on the job with significantly higher mortality - in part due to poor working conditions.” CWU general secretary Dave Ward said the record of trade unions in defending workers’ safety and jobs this year showed they “don’t have to wait for legislation” to act. “If we can organise in sectors of the economy where unions are strong, working together we can build that into a mass mobilisation of workers,” he said.
Read more: IER comment. Morning Star. Source: Risks 965
UK: NHS staff forced off work due to testing shortages
According to hospital bosses, lack of coronavirus tests for NHS staff is leading to staff absences and services being put at risk. NHS Providers, which represents hospital trusts in England, said staff are having to self-isolate rather than work because they could not get tests for themselves or family members. The government's testing system - part of its test, track and trace operation which prime minister Boris Johnson promised would be "world-beating" - has faced criticism in recent weeks. An increase in demand for coronavirus tests has led to local shortages - with some people being directed to test sites hundreds of miles from their homes. NHS Providers said hospitals in London, Bristol and Leeds had raised concerns about staff absences because of a lack of testing. Read more: NHS Providers news release. NHS Confederation news release. BBC News Online. Source: Risks 965
DR Congo: At least 50 killed DRC gold mine collapse
At least 50 people are believed to have been killed when an artisanal gold mine collapsed near Kamituga in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The cave-in occurred on the Detroit mine site on 11 September following heavy rains, said Emiliane Itongwa, president of the Initiative of Support and Social Supervision of Women. “Several miners were in the shaft, which was covered and no one could get out. We are talking about 50 young people,” Itongwa said. Photos on social media showed hundreds of people gathered on a hillside around the mine-shaft entrance. The mine was not located on the Kamituga gold concession owned by Canadian miner Banro Corporation, the company’s chief executive said. Mining incidents are common in unregulated artisanal mines in Congo, with dozens of deaths every year in mines where often ill-equipped miners burrow deep underground. A landslide at a disused gold mine killed 16 in October last year, while 43 clandestine miners died in another landslide at a copper and cobalt mine in June 2019. In 2016, Amnesty International warned that children as young as seven were working in perilous conditions in the DRC to mine the cobalt that ends up in smartphones, cars and computers sold by big name brands. Read more: Aljazeera. The Guardian. Source: Risks 965
USA: Worker safety abandoned under Trump
An editorial board statement in the New York Times has expressed dismay at the the Trump administration's lack of protection for US workers. “Even as the dangers and virulence of the coronavirus have become more glaring, infecting 6.5 million Americans and killing nearly 200,000, the nation’s top worker protection arm has been asleep at the wheel.”
“The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has issued only guidelines, rather than establish enforceable rules, for businesses that rushed to reopen when they were deemed essential early in the pandemic, putting hundreds of thousands of employees in workplaces where the virus could easily spread. Now, after six months of near silence on the issue, OSHA has begun issuing fines for the meatpacking industry, which is responsible for some of the nation’s largest coronavirus outbreaks. But if the agency’s first major actions are meant to chasten corporate America, executives aren’t likely to get the message.”
Smithfield Foods, which was forced to close one of its plants in April to contain an outbreak that killed four workers and infected about 1,300, was fined only US$13,494 – the company last year took in US$13.2 billion in sales. It plans to contest this tiny penalty. The editorial board noted that the problem stems from the Trump administration’s determination to protect commerce, not workers. “Amid a growing number of reports of coronavirus outbreaks at meat processors, Mr Trump in April ordered the plants to remain open,” it noted. On 12 September, OHSA fined another multibillion-dollar company, JBS Foods, US$15,615 for Covid-19 infections at its Colorado plant that led to eight worker deaths and over 200 infections.
Marc Perrone, president of the US foodworkers’ union UFCW, said: “The failure of the federal government to protect American workers and our nation’s food supply has reached new lows. With this latest ‘so-called fine,’ OSHA and the Department of Labor prove beyond a shadow of a doubt that they do not care about holding irresponsible corporations accountable for the lives lost or worker safety.” JBS said it would contest the fine.
Read more: New York Times. OSHA news release. UFCW news release on the Smithfield Foods and JBS fines. Source: Risks 965
Ukraine: Miners protest on wages and safety
On 3 September, miners at Zhovtnev mine owned by Ukrainian Kryvyi Rih Iron Ore Plant (KZRK), started an underground protest, demanding a wage increase and an end to workplace safety assessment breaches, improved working conditions and pension preferences due to difficult working conditions. The protests spread to three other mines, Gvardiiska, Ternivska and Batkivshchyna, including almost 400 miners. Since 18 September, 170 protesting miners still remain underground. The protesters' health is deteriorating due to the unhealthy environment. Family members have held solidarity protests in Kryyi Rih and Kyiv, and there are reports on the pressure put on the miners and members of their families. To support the miners, go to the LabourStart page, here.
Australian workers exposed to multiple carcinogens
Australian researchers from the School of Public Health, at Western Australia's Curtin University, examined data from the the Australian Work Exposures Study, a nationwide cross-sectional telephone survey of Australian workers aged between 18 and 65. This study from a decade ago found 40 per cent of workers were exposed to at least one of 38 probable or known carcinogenic agents found in Australian workplaces. Until now little was known about the extent of multiple exposures, with many studies focussing on exposure to a single carcinogen, resulting, said the researchers, in ‘substantial knowledge gaps’.
They found that the majority (81 per cent) of exposed respondents were assessed as being probably exposed to more than one carcinogen, and 26 per cent reported exposure to five or more carcinogens. It is believed that about 3.6 million Australian workers are exposed to carcinogens in the workplace.
The research team said that occupational cancers account for 5,000 invasive cancers and 34,000 non-melanoma skin cancers per year in Australia – although there are varying views on this.
They found farmers, engineers, painters, nurses, plumbers, vehicle workers, carpenters, emergency workers, heavy vehicle workers, miners and handypersons had a significantly increased likelihood of being exposed to multiple carcinogens.
The most common carcinogens, starting with the most prevalent, were solar radiation, diesel engine exhaust, tobacco smoke, benzene, respirable crystalline silica, wood dust, lead, shift work and poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons other than vehicle exhausts.
They found many workers were co-exposed to carcinogens associated with bladder cancer (diesel engine exhaust and poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and lung cancers (diesel engine exhaust, poly-cyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tobacco smoke and silica), and that more than half of all miners, farmers, heavy vehicle drivers, construction workers, emergency workers and engineers were exposed to more than one lung carcinogen
Sources: Jennifer F McKenzie, Sonia El-Zaemey, Renee N Carey, Prevalence of exposure to multiple occupational carcinogens among exposed workers in Australia [Abstract] Occupational & Environmental Medicine; OHS Alert
WorkSafe Victoria news
Last week WorkSafe published new guidance: "Managing the risk of exposure to coronavirus (COVID-19) - a checklist for employers"
September edition of Safety Soapbox
The September edition of WorkSafe's Safety Soapbox was posted last week. The editorial in this month's edition is once again on the risks of working at heights without adequate fall protection, after number of recent incidents including one serious incident.
Falls are a leading cause of fatalities within the construction industry:
- 19 Victorian construction workers have lost their lives due to falls since 2010
- In the past 12 months, 162 fall from height incidents have been reported to WorkSafe
- Of the reported 162 incidents, 52 of these workers fell from ladders and 34 fell from scaffolds.
Falls often occur as a result of inadequate fall prevention or incomplete systems of work.
This edition's absolute shocker is on the dangers of electrical work: WorkSafe reminds the construction industry about the risks of electrical shocks on Victorian construction sites. During September and October, WorkSafe Inspectors will be visiting worksites to ensure principal contractors are adequately managing electrical risks onsite.
As always, the Safety Soapbox has the list of incidents reported to WorkSafe: In August the construction industry reported 123 incidents to WorkSafe. Of these, 74 per cent resulted in injury - 7 per cent were serious. There were no fatalities. 24 incidents involved young workers. Access the September 2020 edition of Safety Soapbox here - the summaries of reported incidents can be downloaded from the page.
Health and Safety Month helping to navigate COVID-19
WorkSafe has announced that the focus of its first fully virtual Health and Safety Month will be helping employers and workers navigate through coronavirus (COVID-19). Throughout October, WorkSafe will offer 16 free online seminars to help employers and workers maintain safe, healthy and connected workplaces during the pandemic and beyond.
Some sessions in the program are designed to address pandemic related safety issues in specific industries, while others will cover broader topics such as leadership, working from home and looking after injured workers. Mental health will be a major focus, with a panel presentation on how organisations across different industries are promoting wellbeing through the pandemic.
There will also be online events aimed at young workers, while multicultural community leaders have been invited to a special presentation about everyone's rights and responsibilities at work.
WorkSafe Chief Executive Colin Radford said WorkSafe Health and Safety Month always took place in October but this year's program was designed especially to respond to immediate needs.
Read more: WorkSafe media release
WA: Two weekend fatalities under investigation
WorkSafe WA is investigating incidents leading to the death of two people in regional areas last weekend.
A 55-year-old truck driver was killed at Emu Flats (near Kalgoorlie) on Saturday after the water truck he was driving rolled on a dirt road. In the second incident, a 38-year-old labourer was killed after being thrown from an all-terrain vehicle on a farm at Benger, near Harvey.
Inspectors are investigating both incidents to determine whether they were work-related and to prevent future incidents from happening. WorkSafe WA Commissioner Darren Kavanagh said any work-related death is a tragedy and relayed his condolences to the victims’ families.
Safe Work Australia news
National Health and Safety Month
A reminder of the upcoming national health and safety month in October - just two weeks ago. To help prepare for the month, Safe Work Australia has published new work health and safety (WHS) resources on the National Safe Work Month website, including:
- Join National Safe Work Month and commit to keeping people safe and healthy at work information sheet
- WHS best practice checklist for employers
- Keeping WHS a priority in your workplace information sheet
- COVID-19 WHS case studies.
Employers, small businesses, duty holders and work health and safety representatives are encouraged to download these resources and distribute them within their workplaces to keep WHS a priority during National Safe Work Month.
National Fatality Statistics
Safe Work has not updated its fatality statistics since September 10, at which time there had been 110 worker fatalities notified to the national body. The fatalities this year have been in the following sectors:
- 36 in Transport, postal & warehousing
- 22 in Agriculture, forestry & fishing
- 18 in Construction
- 12 in Public administration & safety
- 9 in Manufacturing
- 5 in Mining
- 2 in 'other services'
- 1 in Arts & recreation services
- 1 in Accommodation & food services
- 1 in Retail trade
- 1 in Administrative & support services
- 1 in Electrical, gas, water, & waste services
- 1 in Wholesale trade
Note that the figures are based on preliminary reports, and so at times will change. To check for updates, and for more details on fatalities since 2003, go to the Safe Work Australia Work-related fatalities webpage.
There has not been an update to WorkSafe Victoria's Prosecution Result Summaries and Enforceable Undertakings webpage since our last edition. However, go to it to check for further prosecutions before next week's SafetyNet.
QLD: Over-reliance on technical documents before fatality leads to $300k
A PCBU that relied on technical specifications instead of conducting a site-specific risk assessment for storing 17-tonne materials has been fined $300,000 in the Brisbane Magistrates’ Court, after a worker was crushed to death.
Magistrate Judith Daley fined Holcim (Australia) Pty Ltd $300,000 from the maximum available penalty of $1.5 million. This is despite the company pleading guilty and the magistrate noting the company had two previous safety convictions, including one relating to a fatality, and could have easily identified measures to prevent the fatality. Not only that, but a Workplace Health and Safety Queensland investigation found workers had raised concerns about the stacks twice before the fatality.
Holcim, contracted to manufacture 240 precast concrete piles for a road upgrade project in Townsville, had stored six of the 17-tonne piles in three stacks of two on timber dunnage in a work area. In April 2017, two workers noticed one of the outside stacks was leaning towards the centre stack. To determine why, they used cranes to move the top pile of the outside stack to the top of the centre stack, making this stack three piles high. The centre stack then became unstable and fell on one of the workers, inflicting fatal injuries.
Despite the workers' complaints, Holcim failed to conduct a site-specific risk assessment, instead relying on the technical and storage specifications in the contract of works. The serious risk arose from: the piles being stacked on uneven ground; the use of softwood as dunnage under the stacks; the use of single pieces of dunnage to support multiple stacks; and workers performing tasks between stacks of piles. The magistrate found Holcim relied too heavily on its contractual duties and specification documents, and stressed that the workers' complaints should have triggered a risk assessment.
Source: OHS Alert
QLD: Company fined $800k over fireball fatality and recklessness
A company that failed to properly train personnel on the use of heat sources around hazardous materials has been convicted and fined $800,000 for reckless conduct, after a worker was killed when he was engulfed by flames.
Oil Tech International Pty Ltd pleaded guilty to breaching the QLD Work Health and Safety Act, and faced a maximum penalty of $3 million. Reckless conduct charges against Oil Tech's director, Michael Joseph Reid, were dropped.
In November 2015, the worker was using a heat gun to repair a pump at Oil Tech's liquid waste treatment facility in Yatala when a tanker load of water and petrol was emptied onto a nearby driveway at the direction of the site manager. The worker's heat gun ignited the petrol vapour, and he was burnt to death.
Following an investigation by Workplace Health and Safety Queensland, Oil Tech and Reid were charged with recklessly failing to prohibit hot work near the unloading task. In March last year they were committed to stand trial in the District Court, with WHSQ accusing them of being "indifferent towards or in disregard of the probable consequences of their conduct" when the worker was killed.
District Court Judge Craig Chowdhury heard the site manager directed the delivery tanker to deposit its contents onto the concrete driveway because all the liquid storage areas were full. He found, however, that the risks posed by this move were obvious and the PCBU could have avoided the fatality by refusing to accept the delivery. Source: OHS Alert
NSW: Restaurant prosecuted for flouting COVID-19 rules
A Korean BBQ restaurant in Strathfield has been fined $5,000 for having an open buffet where diners shared crockery, cutlery and food. When SafeWork NSW inspectors visited Butchers Buffet on 11 September, they observed patrons accessing plates, condiments, serving utensils, bowls and trays of food as well as shared utensils on tables.
There was no safety marshal in place or stated limits on the maximum number of customers allowed on the premises. Chairs and tables were not adequately spaced, and CCTV footage showed patrons were not physically distancing when helping themselves at the buffet.
SafeWork NSW Director Work Health and Safety Metro, Sarina Wise, said these sorts of breaches defy logic. “Self-serve buffets and pandemics simply don’t mix, creating a source of potentially contaminated items,” Ms Wise said.
Hospitality businesses across the board are being warned against complacency, as inspectors from Liquor & Gaming NSW, SafeWork NSW and NSW Fair Trading this week issued 23 new fines for COVID breaches.
Read more: SafeWork NSW media release