SafetyNet 310, February 12, 2015
Welcome to the latest edition of SafetyNet. Please note there won't be an edition next week as Renata will be on a work-related trip. If you have any comments or suggestions for items, please send them in to Renata email@example.com and please follow us on Twitter @OHSreps
Victoria: Another quad bike fatality
On last Friday afternoon, WorkSafe broke the tragic news that a farmer in his 60s was killed on a farm at Tallandoon. The regulator was told the man was rounding up cattle shortly after 1pm when the quad bike he was riding overturned. He died at the scene. WorkSafe, which issued a media release soon after the tragedy, is investigating.
Source: WorkSafe News
Despite the continuing quad bike deaths, the automotive industry's peak council, the Federal Chamber of Automotive Industries (FCAI), is likely to reject key recommendations on quad bike design expected to be made in a soon-to-be released report on quad bike safety. The final report on the University of NSW (UNSW) Quad Bike Performance project is believed to recommend a star safety rating system, similar to that for cars. But already FCAI chief executive Tony Weber said while he had not seen the final report, a rating system would not be appropriate. It's time regulators took a stand – and prevented more deaths.
Read More: Quad bike collision course Stock & Land
Victorian government to repeal draconian 'move on' laws
In a welcome move to unionists and community activists, the Andrews Labor Government this week introduced legislation to repeal the Liberals' draconian and unnecessary move-on laws, which were designed to criminalise peaceful protest in Victoria.
The Summary Offences Amendment (Move-On Laws) Bill 2015 will deliver on the Labor Government's election commitment to restore the balance between the right of citizens to protest peacefully and the right of police to act against unlawful blockades. Laws introduced by the former government created five additional grounds for the use of move-on powers and were an unnecessary addition to existing laws already effectively covering protests or criminal conduct. Prior to the introduction of these excessive laws, Victoria Police already had the power to give a "move-on" direction to a person to leave a public place.
"Victoria doesn't need Bjelke-Petersen-style laws designed to silence dissent and outlaw peaceful protests," said Attorney-General Martin Pakula. "The Liberals tried to punish nurses who stood up for their patients, and they tried to silence farmers who were concerned about coal seam gas." However, for the balance to be restored, the Bill will need to be passed in the upper house. Negotiations were continuing with upper house members, and the repeal should go ahead in a fortnight. The government needs the support of the five Green upper house members, plus two crossbenchers to pass any legislation.
Read more: Labor Government Media Release The Guardian
SA: Worker killed in rock fall at Olympic Dam mine site
At about 6am on Tuesday morning a 47 year old worker was killed at BHP Billiton's Olympic Dam mine site in Roxby Downs, South Australia. It is believed he was struck by falling rocks in the underground mine.
Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union (CFMEU) state secretary Aaron Cartledge said it was a sad day for the industry. "Our thoughts go out to the family. It's an absolute tragedy when their loved one goes off to work and doesn't return home," he said. "There's got to be a thorough investigation. It's only from that that we can put systems in place to avoid future events like this. We've seen too many workers dying when they go to work and it really does affect us, it hurts the family and it hurts those workmates."
All mining operations were suspended following the fatality. Safe Work SA has initiated an investigation to determine whether there were any breaches of safety laws and identify who was responsible for the worker's safety. The police will also be preparing a report for the state coroner.
Since the fatality, Mr Cartledge has learned of a reduction in safety personnel monitoring underground operations at the site: underground safety staff were made redundant just two weeks before the incident. BHP Billiton claims however, that no changes to staff levels have been made since it announced redundancies and redeployments at the company in January.
Sources: ABC News online; News.com.au; Worker safety 'compromised' at Olympic Dam before death of Brian Partington The Australian
Can you tell me what the employer's duties are with relation to providing cold drinks to employees? With the hot weather, the workplace gets hot and we are often stuck at our workstations for hours without being able to get a drink.
Your employer has a duty to provide clean and good quality drinking water at all times. Your employer's general duty of care under Section 21 of the Act requires that the systems of work be safe and without risks to health and also requires that amenities be provided. A situation where workers do not have ready access to drinking water is an unhealthy system of work – this is particularly the case during hot weather.
So what should the employer be providing? The Compliance code for Workplace amenities and work environment provides advice on access to water, the quality of the water, and also the need to provide bottled water/containers where the employer cannot provide a "drinking point". Further, workers need to be able to take reasonable breaks from their work station in order to have a drink when needed. If the workplace is very hot – then there are other measures the employer needs to take to ensure that workers do not suffer from heat stress.
Read more: Drinking water and When is it too hot?
Please send any OHS related queries in to 'Ask Renata' - your query will be responded to as quickly as we can – usually within a couple of days.
Geelong Council hires 'thugs'
The Australian Services Union says a decision by the City of Greater Geelong to hire security guards at Town Hall and the Belmont Depot further highlights the widespread problem of bullying at the Council. ASU Branch Secretary Richard Duffy said the Victorian State Government's decision to initiate an investigation into allegations of bullying at the City of Greater Geelong is long overdue, with the announcement prompting current and ex-workers to come out and share their stories of bullying.
The Union is unsure why the Council has hired the security guards, but says its members are concerned. Mr Duffy said, "Instead of trying to help rectify a situation by appropriately investigating the growing number of bullying claims, Council have decided to employ hired thugs in what looks like another attempt at intimidation."
He said, "An independent investigator is required to help investigate bullying at the City of Greater Geelong. Instead of co-operating and acknowledging the issue within the organisation, Council have chosen cheap tactics in an attempt to spook workers into not speaking out through means of intimidation."
Source: ASU News More information: Bullying & Violence Hazards section
NSW: Asbestos in Schools
Hundreds of schools around New South Wales could be contaminated with deadly asbestos and a government expert has said authorities are using band-aid measures to clean up the problem. The ABC has reported that parents fear for their children's safety because of repeated exposure to fibro asbestos sheeting used as landfill in school ovals and playgrounds which in some cases has been cleaned up multiple times. There has been criticism of the method often used to clear playgrounds, known as chicken picking. This involved a team of people in protective gear walking in a line and double bagging all the fragments of asbestos they could find. Peter Tighe, the chief executive of the Commonwealth Asbestos Safety and Eradication Agency, agreed that this was simply skimming the surface. "To an extent it's tokenism. I mean it's a band-aid treatment for something which might be a greater problem,"
Read more: Expert warns authorities are using band-aid measures to clean up problem ABC News Online
Research: Hairdressers at risk from use of old hairdryers
Two researchers have published a case report, in the International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, on a former hairstylist they say contracted malignant mesothelioma from long-term hairdryer use. The report suggests that thousands of people who worked in the hairstyling industry may be at risk of contracting the disease from the asbestos in older hairdryers.
Source: International Journal Warns of Mesothelioma Risk from Hairdryer Use Read more: Dahlgren, J and Talbott, P, Case report: peritoneal mesothelioma from asbestos in hairdryers, January 2015, International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health,
New Zealand Asbestos Policy – savaged by critics
On February 10, 2015, Veteran Ban Asbestos campaigner Deidre VanGerven circulated her response to the New Zealand Government-commissioned Inventory of New Zealand Imports and Exports of Asbestos-Containing Products. To say her analysis of this 47-page document was scathing does not begin to convey her outrage. The inventory is so full of qualifications, reservations and errors it is hardly credible. While admitting that the accuracy of the report was compromised by the voluntary nature of the data-gathering exercise and the failure of some of the country's import codes to distinguish asbestos from non-asbestos products, the author does conclude that "non-asbestos materials are the accepted norm for most products, and alternatives are available for all uses, with no significant cost or performance concerns."
Read more: New Zealand's Asbestos Policy Unfit for Purpose – Still! IBAS
Asbestos policies of major international agencies
Laurie Kazan-Allen from the International Ban Asbestos Secretariat updated the webpage of the asbestos policies of the major international agencies, such as the ILO, IARC, WHO and even the World Bank. Without fail, all agencies categorically state that all forms of asbestos kill, that exposure to asbestos must be eliminated, and in many cases, call for a total international ban on the mining and use of asbestos.
Read more: Asbestos policies of major international agencies IBAS
India and Asbestos: The Long View
The Dollar Business, a foreign trade magazine about India's trade policy, has published a headline article - "Is the Whole World Wrong?" - examining the consequences of India's position as the world's largest market for asbestos imports. The 3-page feature includes interviews with the Executive Director of the Asbestos Cement Products Manufacturers' Association, the Convener of the Ban Asbestos Network of India and the Coordinator of the International Ban Asbestos Secretariat. Highlighting the controversial nature of continuing use of an acknowledged carcinogen, the author contrasts the profitability of the asbestos sector with the health risks of exposures to Indian citizens.
Source: IBAS News Archive
Want to know about Asbestos laws and more – go to the Asbestos section on the site.
Coal Seam Gas (fracking) discussed on Q&A
The problems associated with fracking and polluting the environment have been getting an airing in the media, with the issue raised and discussed on the ABC's Q&A. It's an issue even conservative commentator Alan Jones is sounding the alarm bells about: pollution of drinking water and more.
More: check out the fracking discussion on the ABC's Q&A
Cancer Council Victoria CEO speaks out about occupational cancer
Todd Harper, the CEO of Cancer Council Victoria, said this week in an opinion piece in The Age, "There is an urgent need for a fairer and evidence-based compensation system for those who have developed a work-related cancer." While praising the decrease in workplace fatalities overall in Victoria over the past few years, he points out that every year in Australia between 2500 to 7600 new occupational cancer cases are caused by exposure to carcinogens in the workplace or environment. According to a 2014 study, approximately 40 per cent of Australian workers are exposed to one or more carcinogens in the workplace – this is unacceptable and reflects that not enough is being done by employers to reduce workplace exposures.
Mr Harper concludes: "We can reduce the burden of harm from occupational cancers through a nationally consistent workplace health and safety laws that more effectively prevent exposure to carcinogens, and a fairer legal system that compensates employees who contract cancer or other diseases through their employment."
Read more: Carcinogen exposure stalks our workplaces The Age; More information on Occupational Cancer
WA: Minister warns Roy Hill mine over safety
In January this year, a crane toppled over at the Roy Hill mine, leading to a Prohibition Notice (SafetyNet 307). This week Mines Minister Bill Marmion warned senior Roy Hill executives the company, majority owned by Gina Rinehart, cannot hide behind its contractors over poor safety standards at the $10 billion project. Mr Marmion called in senior Roy Hill personnel, including chief executive Barry Fitzgerald, to express concerns about a spate of serious safety incidents on the mine, rail and port project over the past seven months. It is believed more than 30 safety incidents have been reported to the Department of Mines and Petroleum since July. DMP safety inspectors have issued nine improvement notices, and nine prohibition orders in the period, including banning the use of cranes at Roy Hill's processing facility following the January incident. Despite increasing pressure over its safety standards, there has been little improvement in the number of incidents since DMP lifted the ban on the use of cranes on January 23. There were two serious incidents last week, both involving vehicles rolling over.
Read more: Minister warns Roy Hill over safety breaches Yahoo news/The West Australian
WA: Falling crane almost kills dozens
Dozens of workers at Fremantle Ports could have been killed by a massive mobile crane dropped by unqualified workers in a loading accident on Tuesday this week. International Transport Workers' Federation inspector Keith McCorriston said seafarers aboard the cargo ship, Stevns Trader, were loading on to the boat despite not having the requisite 'tickets' to do the work. The load, a short base mobile crane, weighing more than 100 tonnes came crashing down, injuring one worker and narrowly avoiding other workers around the site. He said the ship's crew were not qualified to operate the lift and crane and that the work should have been left to the wharfies to do.
The Maritime Union of Australia was angry its members' lives were put at risk by the falling crane. The crane, commonly used at sites around the metro area, should not have been under the supervision of seafarers and MUA branch secretary, Mr Chris Cain, said the loading or unloading of any vessel at the wharf should only be handled by maritime workers with the appropriate skills and tickets.
Read more: Fremantle wharfies dodge massive falling crane WA Today
NSW: Attacks against ambulance officers increase
Alarming new figures released this week in NSW reveal that three ambulance workers are being assaulted at work each week and police charges against attackers have more than doubled in two years. Despite the NSW government having introduced tougher prison penalties to improve protection of paramedics, serious attacks increased by almost a quarter last year to 174, resulting in a record 87 criminal charges being laid by police. Paramedics are being punched, head-butted, bitten, strangled, spat on and verbally abused while attempting to save or assist members of the public.
Read more: Ambulance officers under attack The Sydney Morning Herald
International Union News
Brazil: Petrobras oil rig explosion kills three, injures 10
News has just come in that an explosion has ripped through a Petrobras rig off the coast of Brazill, killing three people, injuring 10 and leaving six others missing. "Of the 74 workers on board, three did not survive their wounds and died on site," said Petrobras, the largest company in Brazil, the world's seventh-largest economy. "Ten were injured and have already been taken to hospital by helicopter for medical attention. Six others have disappeared." The state oil regulator said two teams would investigate the explosion.
The oil workers' union said a gas leak had caused the blast off the south-eastern coast, the latest bad news for a company involved in a huge corruption scandal involving alleged kickbacks to politicians.
Petrobras has been hit by a string of recent accidents at refineries and rigs. Last month, an explosion at a refinery in the north-eastern state of Bahia wounded three people. In December 2013, a fire forced Petrobras to shut down production at an oil rig after two workers were wounded. A week later, a refinery fire in Rio de Janeiro forced the company to temporarily close a production unit. In February 2014, Petrobras partly evacuated an offshore rig that was tilting over.
Read more: ABC News Online
Bangladesh: Growing pressure on Benetton to pay victims of Rana Plaza
Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) and International Labor Rights Forum (ILRF) campaigners are calling for compensation to victims of the world's worst ever garment factory disaster as an Avaaz petition, demanding that Italian fashion giant Benetton finally pay compensation to the victims of Rana Plaza, will soon top one million signatures. The petition adds to ongoing campaign efforts by the CCC and the ILRF, urging multinational brands to contribute to the fund for the victims of the 24 April 2013 Rana Plaza building collapse in which over 1130 people died and thousands more were seriously injured.
Campaigners are urging Benetton to pay $5 million into the Fund – a proportional amount given the clear association between Benetton and one of the Rana Plaza factories and the huge profits made by the company. And while Benetton has not contributed anything to the Fund, other companies such as Children's Place, Inditex (Zara), Mango, and Walmart have failed to contribute a significant and proportional amount.
Read more: Pressure increases on Benetton; Sign the Avaaz petition
UK: Stay of execution on deadly self-employed clause
Government plans to exempt most self-employed workers from safety law have stalled (SafetyNet309). A 3 February debate in the UK's House of Lords to discuss the move, included in the Deregulation Bill, was curtailed after the government said it needed more time to consider responses to a consultation on the measure. Labour had tabled an amendment that would have radically changed a proposal that has been criticised in consultation responses from unions, organisations representing employers and safety professionals and Professor Ragnar Löfstedt, whose report the government claimed had prompted the proposed change.
Read more: TUC Risks 689
Europe: Workplaces awash with cancer chemicals
European workplaces are using 5,675 chemicals that even manufacturers or importers consider to be carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction (CMR). The figures come in a January report of notifications to the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). ECHA compared the data supplied by manufacturers and importers when notifying the classification and labelling of hazardous substances under the classification, labelling and packaging regulations (CLP) with the registration dossiers submitted by firms handling larger quantities of chemicals under the REACH rules. Of the 5,675 CMR chemicals marketed in the EU, just 1,169 were registered – a discrepancy that alarmed the union think-tank ETUI. "Why this is – and what makes NGOs and trade unions deeply unhappy – is that the REACH regulation only requires CMRs produced in Europe or imported in quantities of one tonne or more a year to be registered," said the ETUI's chemical risks expert Tony Musu. ETUI said "a large number of CMRs are floating around the EU market outside the REACH registration procedure" intended to keep tabs on the risks of these hazardous chemicals to consumers' and workers' health. The situation is no better in Australia.
Read more: ETUI news report; ECHA news release The report can be accessed and downloaded from the ECHS news release. Source: Risks 689
China: Union Official Links Foxconn Deaths to Excessive Overtime
The All-China Federation of Trade Unions has taken the unusual step of publicly criticizing Foxconn for excessive overtime. Foxconn, the largest private employer in China, employs 1.2 million workers and produces a huge share of the world's electronics. On February 2, ACFTU Party Secretary Guo Jun publically criticized Foxconn's excessive overtime work arrangements – connecting these problems to the series of worker suicides and deaths by overwork at its massive factory complex. Foxconn responded on February 3, claiming "there is no relationship between constant overtime and incidents of death from overwork or suicide," and referring to the spate of suicides in 2010 as "unfortunate incidents with a few individual workers." The company also spoke as if the problems were in the past.
These claims have been challenged by the "Focusing on New Generation Migrant Workers" research group in an open letter to Foxconn. The group's research found that Foxconn's overtime exceeds the 36-hour maximum specified in China's labor law. One worker told the group that during the busy season he worked over 140 hours of overtime per month for several months in a row, one month even working 152 hours of overtime. The company also intentionally violated the law requiring a day off per week – asking workers take "13-to-1", or even "30-to-1" work-to-rest arrangements and then covering it up.
Read more: Labor Notes
What are the causes of workplace disasters?
Well-known Australian OHS academic Professor Michael Quinlan has released a new book in which he examines mine disasters and other fatal incidents in Australia, Britain, Canada, New Zealand and the US since 1992. He identified 10 "pattern causes" that repeatedly recur in these disasters – concluding that worker behaviour isn't one of them. In his book Ten Pathways to Death and Disaster: Learning from Fatal Incidents in Mines and Other High Hazard Workplaces, Professor Quinlan says the evidence does not support the view that worker behaviour or unsafe acts are a "predominant or pattern cause" of mining disasters, oil-rig explosions, factory fires, airplane crashes and other fatal work incidents. He found that the vast majority of these incidents involved at least three of the 10 "pattern causes" or "pattern flaws":
- engineering, design and maintenance flaws,
- failure to heed warning signs,
- flaws in risk assessment,
- flaws in management systems,
- flaws in system auditing,
- economic/reward pressures compromising safety,
- failures in regulatory oversight,
- worker/supervisor concerns that were ignored,
- poor worker/management communication and trust, and
- flaws in emergency and rescue procedures.
Even when it appeared as though it was worker behaviour, looking beyond the behaviours, at why the workers did certain things, revealed things such as shortcomings in work processes, supervision and/or incentives to bypass safety.
Read more: Quinlan, M: Ten Pathways to Death and Disaster: Learning from Fatal Incidents in Mines and Other High Hazard Workplaces. Federation Press. Source: OHS Alert
Insufficient precautionary measures used in disinfecting medical devices
A recent survey conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has revealed precautionary measures to minimise worker exposure to high-level disinfectants (HLDs) are not always used. The study results were recently published in the journal Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, and is one of a series of reports detailing results from the 2011 Health and Safety Practices Survey of Healthcare Workers, the largest federally-sponsored survey of healthcare workers in the U.S. Eligible respondents included those who chemically disinfect medical or dental devices using one or more of the following HLDs during the past week: glutaraldehyde, orthophthaldehyde (OPA), peracetic acid, and/or hydrogen peroxide. Information on various exposure controls and impediments to using personal protective equipment (PPE) was assessed. Findings suggest that recommended practices are not always used by healthcare workers. Many had never received training, and many reported that safe handling procedures were unavailable.
Read more: NIOSH Update;Scott Henn, et al: Precautionary Practices of Healthcare Workers Who Disinfect Medical and Dental Devices Using High-Level Disinfectants [Abstract] Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology / Volume 36 / Issue 02 / February 2015.
Kidney disease in Central American sugar cane workers
Over the past two decades, more than 20,000 farm workers in western Nicaragua and El Salvador — mostly men and many of them in their 20s and 30s — have died of a mysterious form of kidney failure. Researchers have proven that the cause is not diabetes or other common causes of kidney failure. Theories have blamed everyone from the victims themselves (do they drink too much? is it genetic?) to rats (spreading a nasty bacterial infection) to Monsanto (whose chemicals are used extensively in the cane fields) to the World Bank (for financing expansion of the sugar plantations).
A new study from Boston University has found a clear connection between the disease and the work these men are doing. "The decline in kidney function during the harvest and the differences [in kidney function] by job category and employment duration provide evidence that one or more risk factors of CKD (chronic kidney disease) are occupational," the report says. The study followed 500 sugar cane workers at one plantation, El Ingenio San Antonio in Nicaragua in 2011. The researchers found that the kidney function of field workers declined over the course of the six-month harvest. Sugar cane cutters and planters saw the sharpest drop.
Surprisingly, the study results cast doubt on the theory that it's the chemicals causing the disease. It found that field workers whose primary jobs were spraying for weeds and pests (and who thus had the most contact with agricultural chemicals) had the least decline in kidney function over the course of the harvest. They found that dehydration among workers with the most physically demanding job — cutting cane — could contribute to the illness.
Source: New Clues To Mysterious Kidney Disease Afflicting Sugar Cane Workers NPR Goats and Soda blog. Read more: Laws, et al: Changes in kidney function among Nicaraguan sugarcane workers [Abstract] International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Safe Work Australia
As of February 10, there had been 16 fatalities notified to Safe Work Australia – five more worker-related deaths in just one week. The fatalities so far this year have been in the following industries: four in Agriculture, forestry and fishing; three in Transport, postal and warehousing; two each in Mining, Electricity, gas, water & waste services, and 'other services'; one each in Construction, Arts & Recreation services, and Manufacturing. More information on which industries the fatalities occurred in is accessible on the Safe Work Australia Work-related fatalities page.
The latest monthly fatality report released by SafeWork Australia remains that for October, 2014, during which a total of 16 work-related deaths were notified. Monthly reports can be downloaded from the Safe Work Australia Monthly Fatalities Reports page.
NSW issues excavation work safety warning
WorkCover NSW last week issued a warning reminding businesses and workers about the dangers of excavation work following two recent serious trench collapse incidents. The week before, two Sydney workers were admitted to hospital after a five-metre deep trench caved in on them.
While an investigation was still underway at the time of the warning, early findings indicated that it could easily have resulted in the deaths of both workers. General Manager of WorkCover's Work Health and Safety Division Peter Dunphy said it was absolutely critical that such high-risk work be carefully planned, safety precautions put in place and conditions continuously monitored during excavation work. WorkCover was particularly concerned as the latest serious incident followed a fatality last December where a worker died after a three-metre deep trench collapsed.
Read more: Excavation Work Safety Warning
WA: regulator orders Rinehart's Roy Hill to improve
Western Australia's Department of Mines and Petroleum (DMP) has ordered Gina Rinehart's Roy Hill mine to improve operations and procedures relating to cranes after a series of safety incidents in January. A team of specialist DMP safety inspectors on site after a number of incidents involving cranes and elevated working platforms resulted in the mine being issued with a prohibition notice. The inspectors identified four areas of safety non-compliance during the inspection of the $10 billion iron ore mine, issuing four "improvement notices" – for training and assessment issues, and operations and procedures relating to crane work at the site.
Read more: WA orders Gina Rinehart's Roy Hill mine to improve safety WA Today
From the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA): Practical tools for managing stress and psychosocial risks. Work-related stress and psychosocial risks can be successfully assessed and managed, just as any other occupational safety and health issue can. EU-OSHA has a number of user-friendly and effective practical tools which the agency says are particularly helpful for small enterprises, enabling them to fulfil their legal obligations and improve organisational performance. The tools guide users through assessment of psychosocial risks and show how to implement actions to eliminate or reduce these risks, even with limited resources.
SA: Hungry Jacks convicted and fined $150,000 (reduced to $90,000)
After a young kitchen hand was burnt with oil – the second such serious incident - fast food company Hungry Jacks was fined $150,000, later reduced to $90,000 plus costs following an early guilty plea and contrition. In 2003 the company was also fined over a similar incident. The case has led Hungry Jacks to commit to spending $5 million nationally to replace its fryers with safer, self-filtering models.
The incident was horrific: the worker suffered third degree burns in June 2012 at the company's Edwardstown restaurant. The supervisor asked the worker to filter cooking oil from the deep fryers, a task requiring a mobile filter. During the process, the worker slipped and fell into the open top of the mobile filtration unit. Hot oil splashed on him, causing third degree burns to more than 10% of his body, including his right hand, forearm and right side torso, requiring skin grafts. Despite this, an ambulance was not called. At the time, the young man had less than one month's experience and had only limited experience in this task. Safety procedures (appropriate supervision, ensuring PPE was worn, calling of an ambulance) although in place, were not followed, and the equipment was unsatisfactory.
Source: (Dwyer v Hungry Jacks Pty Ltd 2015, SAIRC2, 29/1/15)
Mexico: Authorities rescue 129 workers from abusive garment factory
Mexican authorities have rescued 129 workers, including six children, who said they were exploited and physically and sexually abused at a garment factory. Four South Korean nationals have been handed over to prosecutors in the western state of Jalisco, after workers identified them as the owners or managers of the company named Yes International, the National Migration Institute (INM) said. Officials rescued 121 women and eight men, including six minors who were 16 and 17 years old. The workers told prosecutors that they were "victims of physical and sexual abuse, as well as threats, psychological harm and gruelling work days," INM coordinator Ardelio Vargas Fosado told reporters.
Read more: Mexico rescues 129 workers, including children, 'abused' at garment factory ABC news online